About The Joy of English

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English
1756 – online edition

This online version of Johnson's Dictionary (1756) was put together by whichenglish.com and the author of The Joy of English.

It was produced by combining OCR and sophisticated GREP, in addition to pure, time-consuming search-and-replace grunt for formatting and clean-up. It is by no means a clean, perfect text reproduction (yet) but it is an ongoing project. The sheer volume of code behind these pages (137,000 lines of code) means that there is only so much one man can do. The overall integrity of the contents of the dictionary is here.

A few notes about this online version of the dictionary. First, it is not perfect. Most of the 47,000 headwords will be highlighted in bold and each definition in separate p-tags. Many did not succeed during conversion and the sheer volume of entries prohibits be from doing them all manually one by one. Second, not every word came out accurately in the OCR process and so many definitions will have garbled words and entries. Again, the volume here means that the time it would take to fix manually would be enormous. At present it is not just feasible for one person (me) to clean up. Third, not ALL of the entries ARE actually garbled. This is because the spelling of the 1700s was different from what we recognize today. The most notable difference here is the letter s, printed at the time as ſ because it is a long s. So, instead of appearing as sensual. Samuel Johnson's Dictionary rendered it as ſenſual. So these are not mistakes – it just takes a little getting your head round it.

Today's letter s was at the time of printing Johnson's Dictionary typically rendered ſ. So. sounds looks on these pages as ſounds. English looks like Engliſh. This is not mistake. Equally italic long s looks like Shakʃpeare in the word Shakespeare.

English long s

As you can see from these 18th-century chiselled gravestones, the f (left) and long s (right, between i and h) are distinctly different. So, please don't be offended if you see ſuck, it is merely 18th-century suck.


Anyway, I hope you enjoy browsing. Jesse.


This page last updated: 7 August 2014




A. Has in the Engliſh language,
three different ſounds. The
broad found, as all, wall. A
open father, rather. A flender
or cloſe, is the peculiar a of the Engliſh
language. Of this found we have examples
in place, face, waſte.
2. A, an article ſet before nouns of the
ſingular number ; a man, a tree. Before
a word beginning with a vowel, it is writ-
ten an, as, an ox.
3. A is ſometimes a noun ; as great A.
4. A is placed before a participle, or par-
ticipial noun. A hunting. Prior.
A begging. Dryd.
5. A has a ſignification, denoting proportion.
The landlord hath a hundred a year. Addiʃon.
6. A is uſed in burleſque poetry, to lengthen
out a ſyllable. For cloves and nutmegs to the line-a. Dryd.
7. A is ſometimes put for he.
8. A, in compoſition, ſeems the French
a, and ſometimes at, aſide, aſlope, aware.
a weary, a-trip. Shakʃpeare.
9. A is ſometimes redundant ; as, arife,
arouſe, awake. Dryd.
10. A, in abreviations, ſtands for artium,
or arts.

A'BACUS. ʃ. [Lat. abacus.]
1. A counting-table.
2. The uppermoſt member of a column.

ABA'FT. a. [of abaptan. Sax.] From the
fore-part of the ſhip, towards the ſtern.

To ABA'NDON. v. a. [Fr. abandonner.]
1. To give up, reſign, or quit. Dryd.
2. To deſert. Sidney. Shakſ.
3. To forſake. Stenſer.

ABANDONED. part. ad.
1. Given up. Shakſ.
1. Forſaken.
3. Corrupted in the higheſt degree.

ABA'NDONMENT. ʃ. [abatidonnement, Fr.]
The act of abandoning,

ABARTICULA'TION. ʃ. [from ab, from,
and ariicu.'us, a joint, Lat.] That ſpecies
of articulation that has manifeſt motion.

To ABASE. v. a. [Fr. abaiſer.] To cad
down, to depreſs, to brin^ low. Sidney.

ABA'SEMENT. ʃ. The ſtate of being brought
low ; depreſſion. Ecclefiaſticus.

To ABA'SH. v. a. [See BASHFUL.] To
make aſhamed. Milton.

To ABA'TE. v. a. [from the French
1. To leffen, to diminiſh. Davies.
2. To deject, or depreſs. Dryd.
3. To let down the price in ſelling.

To ABATE. v. n. To grow his. Dryd.

To ABATE. [in common law.] To abate
a wiit, is, by ſome exception, todefeator
overthrow it, Cowell

ABA'TEMENT. ʃ. [abatement, Fr.]
1. The act of abating. Locke.
2. The ſtate of being abated. Arbuth.
3. The fum or quantity taken away by
the act of abating. Swift.
4. The cauſe of abating ; extenuation. Atterbury.

ABA TER. ʃ. The agent or cauſe by which
an abatement is procured. Arbuthnot.

ABB. ʃ. The yarn on a weaver's warp ; among clothiers. Chambert,
ABBA. ſ. [Heb. OX] A Syriac word, which
ſignifies father.

A'BBACY. ʃ. [Lat. ahha:ta.] The rights or
privileges of an abbot,

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com



A'BBESS. ʃ. [Lat. ahhavffa, abbeſs in Fr.]
The ſupeiiour of a nunnery. Dryd.

A'BBEY or ABEY. ʃ. [Lat. ahbatla.^ A
monaftery of religious perſonf, whether
men or women. Shakſp.

A'BSEY-LuEBER. ʃ. A flothful loiterer in
a religious houſe, under pretence of retirement. Dryd.

A'BBOT. ʃ. [in the lower Latin abbas.] The
chief of a convent.

To ABBREVIATE. lua. [Lat. abhrcviare.]
1. To diorten by conirfflion of parts without
lots of the main ſubſt.'.nce. Bacon.
2. To ſhorten, to cut ſhort. Brotcti,

1. The act of abbreviating.
2. TIi2 means uſed to abbreviate, as characters
ſignifying whole words. Swift.

ABBREVIA'TOR. ʃ. One who abridges.

ABBRE'VIATURE. ʃ. fabtn-LacUura, Lat.]
1. A mark uſed for the fake of ſhorffning.
2. A compendium or abridgement. Taylor.

ALBREUOl'R. [in French, a wateringplace.]
Among mafons, the joint or jun-
(flare of two ſtones.

A, B, C.
1. The alphabet.
2. The little book by which the elements
of readins are taught.

To A'BDICATE. v. a. [Lat. ahdico.] To
give up right ; to reſign. ^/j:f:n.

ABDICATION. ʃ. [abdiotio, Lat.] the
s& of abdicating ; rdignation,

A'BDICATIVE. a. That Cv^hich caiifes or
in>plies an abdication,

ABDO'MEN. ʃ. [Lat. from niJo, to hide.]
« A cavity commonly called the lower venter
or belly : It contains the ſtomach, guts,
liver, ipleeJi, bladder, and is within lined
with a membrane called the periton.xom.

ABDO'MINAL. ʃ. j. Relating to the

ABDOMINOU.S. ʃ. abdomen.

To ABDU'CE. v. a. [Lat, ffbduco.] To draw
to a different part ; to withdraw one part
from another. Brown.

ABDU'CENT. a. Mjſcles abducent ſerve
to open or pull back divers pails of the body,

ABDU'CER. ʃ. [aUuSior, Lat.] The
mnſcles, which draw back the ſeveral
members. ^Irbuthnot.

ABECEDA'RLAN. ʃ. [from the names of
<j, h. c, A teacher of theaiphaber, or tiifl
rudiments of literature,

Belonging to the alphabet,

ABE'D. ad. [from a, for a/. See oA,) and
Bkd.] In bed. Sidney.

ABE'RRANCE. ʃ. A deviation from the
right w;iy ; an errour. Glanville.

ABE'RRANCY. The ſame with Aeer-. Brown.

ABE'RRANT. a. [from aberrant, Lat.]
Waudeiin^ from the right or known waj^.

ABERRA'TION. ʃ. [from absrratio, Lat.]
The act of deviating from the common
track. Glanville.

ABE'RRING. part, [aberro, Lat ] Going
artrav. Bacon.

To ABERU'NCATE. v. a. [awrunco, Lat.]

To pull up by the roots.

To ABE'T. ʃ. a. [from betan, Sax.] To
pufn forward another, to ſupport him in
his deſigns by connivance, encouragement,
or help. Fairy ^

ABETMENT. ʃ. The act of abetting.

ABETTER. or ABETTOR. ʃ. He that
abets ; the ſupporter or encourager of
another. Dryd.

ABEY'ANCE. ʃ. The right of ſce-ſimple
Jieth in abeyance, when it is all only in the
remeniberance, intendment, and conCderation
of the law, Cowel,

To ABHO'R. v. a. [abhorreo, Lat.] To
hate With acrimony ; to ioath. Milton.

ARHO'RRENCE. ʃ. [from abhor.]

TJie act of abhorring, defeſtation. South.

ABHO'RRENCY. ʃ. The ſame with Abhorrence. Locke.

ABHO'RRENT. a. [from abhor.]
1. Struck with abherrence.
2. Contrary to, foreign, inconſiſtent with. Dryden.

ABHO'RRER. ʃ. [from abhor.] A hater,
detefier. i>iv:fe.

To ABI'DE. v. n. I abode or abid, [from
aubitiian, Sax.]
1. To dwell in a placp; not remove. Gen.
2. To dwell. Shakſp.
3. To remain, not ceaſeor fail. Pſalm.
4. To continue in the ſame ſtate. Stillin^Jl,
5. To wait for, expedt, attend, await.
Fairy Queen.
6. To bear or ſupport the conſequences of
a thing. Milton.
7. To bear or ſupport, without being conquer'd. Woodward.
8. To bear without averſion. Sidney.
9. To bear or fuller. Pope. .
10. It is uſed with ths participle with before
a perfoD, and at or ?« before a place.

ABl'DER. ʃ. [from abide.] The perſon that
abides or dwells in a place,

ABI'DING. ʃ. [from abide.] Continuance. Raleigh.

A'BJECT. a. [ahjiBm. Lat.]
1. Mean, or worthleſs. Addiſon.
2. Contemptible, or of no value. Milt.
3. Without hope or regard. Milton.
4. Deſtitute, mean and deſpecable. Dryd. Pope. .

A'BJECT. ʃ. A man without hope. Pſalm.

To ABjE'CT. v. a. [abycio, Lat.] To
throw away.

ABJE'CTEDNESS. ʃ. [from objeB.] The
ſtate of an abject. Boyle.


Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ABJE'CTION. ʃ. [from ahj.a.] Meanneſs
of mind ; ſervility ; bafeneſs. Hooker.

A'BJECTLY. a. [from abjea.] In an abje< fi: manner, meanly.

A'BJECTNESS. ʃ. [from abjeSI.'^ Servility,
meanneſs. Grew.

ABI'LITY. ʃ. [Habi'Me', Fr.]
1. The power to do any thing, whether
depending uponl];ill, or riches, or ſtrength. Sidney.
2. Capacity. Dan,
3. When it has the plural number, abilities,
it frequently ſignifies the faculties or
powers of the mind. Rogers.

ABINTE'STATE. a. [of ab, from, and
ititejiafjs, Lat.] Atterm of law, implying
him that inherits from a man, who thingh
he had the power to make a will, yet did
not make it.

To ABJU'RE. v. a. [jbjuro, Lat.]
1. To ſwear not to do ſomethlng. Hah,
2. To retract, or recant, or abnegate a
poſition upon oath.

ABJURA'TION. ʃ. [from abjure.] The act
of abjuring. The oath taken for that end .

To ABLA'CTATE. v. a. [ablacto, Lat.]
To wean from the breaſt.

ABLACTA'TION. ʃ. One of the methods
of grafting.

ABLAQUEA'TION. [ab!a^ueatio, Lat.] The
practice of opening the ground about the
roots of trees. Evelyn.

ABLA'TION. ʃ. [ablatio, Lat.] The act of
taking away.

A'BLATIVE. lablativus, Lat.]
1. That which takes away.
2. The fixth caſe of the Latin nouns.

A'BLE. a. [habile, Ft.habi.'is, Lat.
1. Having ſtrong faculties, or great ſtrength
or knowledge, riches, or any other power
of mind, body, or fortune. Bacon.
2. Having power fuflicient. South.

To A'BLE. v. a. To make able ; to enable. Shakſp.

ABLE-BODIED. ad. Strong of body.

To A'BLEGATE. v. a. [ab'ego, Lat.] To
ſend abroad upon ſome employment.

ABLEGA'TION. ʃ. [from ablegate.] A
ſending abroad.

A'BLENESS. ʃ. [from able.] Ability of body,
vigour, force. Sidney.

A'BLEPSY. ʃ. ['A?X=vL.'a, Gr.] Want of

A'BLUENT. a. [abluens, Lat.]
That which has the power of cleaning,''

ABLU'TION. ʃ. [abktio, Lat.]
1. The act of cleanſing,
2. The rinfing of chemical preparations in
3. The cup given, without conſecration, to
the laity in the popiſh churches.

To A'BNEGATE. v. a. [from abnego, Lat.]
To deny.

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ABNEGA'TION. ʃ. [abnegatio, Lat.] Denid,
renunciation. Hammond.

ABO'ARD. a. [from the French a bord, as,
alier u bord, envoyer a bord.] In a {h'p. Raleigh.

ABODE. ʃ. [from abide.]
1. Habitation, dwellinc, place of reſidence,
2. Stay, continuance in a place. Shakſ/).
3. To make abode ^ to dwell, to reſide, to
inhabit. Dryd.

To ABODE. v. a. [See BODE.] To foretoken
or foreſtow ; to be a prognoſtic, to
be ominnus. Shakʃpeare.

ABO'DEMENT. ʃ. [from to abode.] A ſecret:
anticipation of ilmething future. Shakʃpeare.

To ABO'LISH. v. a. [from ob:ho, Lat.]
1. To annul. Hooker.
2. To put an end to ; to deſtroy. Hayw.

ABOLISHABLE. a. [from aboliſh.] That
which may be aboliſhed.

ABOLISHER. ʃ. [from aboliſh.] He that

ABO'LISHMENT. ʃ. [from abolif}.] The
act of aboliſhing. Hooker.

ABOLITION. ʃ. [from abolifr.] The act
of aboliſhing. Grew.

ABO'MINABLE. a. [abominabilis, Lat.]
1. Hateful, deteſtable. Swift.
2. Unclean. '
3. In low and ludicrous language, it is a
word of looſe and indeterminate cenſure. Shakſp.

ABO'MINABLENESS. ʃ. [from abomirable.]
The quality of being abominable ; hatefulneſs,
odiouſneſs. Berkley.

ABO'MINABLY. a. [from abominable.]
exceffively, extremely, exceedingly ; in the
ill ſenſe. Arbuthnot.

To ABO'MINATE. v. a. [abominor, Lat.]
To abhor, deteff, hate utterly. Southern.

1. Hatred, deteſtation. Swift.
2. The object of hatred. Geneſis.
3. Pollution, defilement. Shakſp.
4. The cauſe of pollution. 2 Kings.

ABORI'GINES. ʃ. Lat. The earlieft inhabitants
of a country ; thoſe of whom no
original is to be traced ; as, the Welſh in

ABO'RTION. ʃ. [abortio, Lat.]
1. The act of bringing forth untimely.
2. The produce of an untimely birth. Arbuthnot.

ABORTIVE. ʃ. That which is born before
the due time, PeocLam.

ABORTIVE. a.labortivut, l.zi.]
1. Brought forth before the due time of
birth. Shakſp.
2. Figurately, that which fails for want
of time. South.
3. That which brings forth nothing. Milton.

ABO'RTIVELY. ad. [from ahortivf.] Born
without the due time ; immaturely, untimely.

ABO'RTIVENESS. ʃ. [from abortive.] The
ſtate of abortion.

ABO'RTMENT. ʃ. [from ahorto, Lat.] The
thing brought forth out of time ; an untimely
birth. Bacon.

ABO'VE. prep, [from a, and bupan, Saxon.; iio'ven, Dutch.!
1. Higher in place. Dryden.
2. More in quantity or number. Exodus.
3. Higher in rank, power or excellence. Pſalm.
4. Superiour to ; unattainable by. Swift.
5. Beyond ; more than. Locke.
6. Too proud for ; too high for. Pof>e.

ABO'VE. ad.
1. Over-head. Bacon.
2. In the regions of heaven. Pope. .
3. Before. Dryd.
From above,
3. From an higher place. Dryd.
2. From heavtB. James..

ABOVE ALL. In the firſt place ; chiefly. Dryd.

ABOVE-BOARD. In open fight ; without
artifice or triik. L'Eſtrange.

ABOVE-CITED. Cited before. Addiſon.

ABOVE-GROUND. An expreſſion uſed to
ſignify, that a man is alive ; not in the

ABOVE-MENTIONED. See Above-cited.

To ABOUND. v. n. [ahundo, Lat. abortder,
1. To have in great plenty.
1. To be in great plenty.

ABO'UT. prep, [aburan, or aburon, Sax.]
1. Round, futrounding, encircling. Dryd.
2. Near to. Ben. Johnſ.
3. Concerning, with regard to, relating to. Locke.
4. Engaged in, employed upon. Taylor.
5. Appendant to the Perſon ; as, cloaths. Milton.
6. Relating to the perſon, as a fervant. Sidney.

ABO'UT. ad. Shakſ.
1. Circularly. Shakſp.
2. In circuit. Shakſp.
3. Nearly. Bacon.
4. Here and there ; every way. Fa, .
c. With to before a verb ; a?, about to fy ; upon the point, within a ſmall time of.
6. The longeftſ way, in oppoſition to the
ſhort ſtranght way. Shakſp.
7. To ^'g ''^°''^5 to bring to the point
or ſtate ilelired ; as, be has brought about
his purpoſes.
8. To come about ; to come to ſome certain
ſlate or point.
9. To go about a thing ; to prepare to do

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


pit. Some of theſe phraſes ſeem to derive
their original from the French a bout ; i/^nsr
a bout d^une choſe ; vetiir^ a bout de quelqu.
A. Bp. for Archbiſhop.

ABRACADA'BRA. A ſuperſtitious charm
again-ft agues.

To ABRA'DE. v. a. [Lat. ohrado.] To
rub off; to wear away from the other
parts. HdiU,


ABRA'SION. [See Abrade.]
1. The act of abrading ; a rubbing off.
2. The matter worn off by the attrition of

ABRE'AST. ad. [See Breast.] Side by
ſide ; in ſuch a poſition that the breads
may bear againſt the ſame line. Shakſp.

To ABRI'DGE. v. a. [abreger, Fr. ab~
kreuio, Lat.]
1. To make ſhorter in words, keeping ſtill
the ſame ſubſtance. -z Mace.
2. To contraift, to diminiſh, to cut ſhort.
3. To deprive of. Shakſp.

ABRI'GED OF. p. Deprived of, debarred from.

An ABRI'DGER. ʃ. [from abridge.]
1. He that abridges ; a ſhortener.
2. A writer of compendiums or abridgments.

ABRI'DGMENT. ʃ. [abregement, French.]
1. The contraction of a larger work into
a ſmall compaſs. Hooker.
2. A diminution in general. Donne.
3. Reſtraint, or abridgment of liberty. Locke.

ABRO'ACH. ad. [See To Bkoach.]
1. In a poſture to run out, Stoiff.
2' In a ſtate of being difiuſed or advanced. Shakſp.

ABROAD. ad. [compounded of a and
1. Without confinement ; widely ; at large. Milton.
2. Out of the houſe. Shakſp.
3. In another country. Hooker.
4. In all directions, this way and that. Dryd.
5. Without, not within. Hooker.

To A'BROGATE. v. a. [al>rogo, Lat.] To
take away from a law its force ; to repeal,
to annul. Hooker.

ABROGATION. ʃ. [abrogatio, Lat.] The
act of abrogating ; the repeal of a law. Clarendon.

ABRU'PT. a. [abruptus, Lat.]
1. Broken, craggy. Thomfon.
2. Divided, without any thing intervening. Milton.
3. Sudden, without thecuRomary or proper
preparatives. Shakſp.
4. Unconnected, Ben. Johnſ.


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ABRU'PTION. ʃ. [ahruptio, Lat.] Violent
and ſudden ſeparation. Woodward.

ABRU'PTLY. ad. [See Abrupt.] Haſtily,
without the due forms of preparation. Sidney. Add.

ABRU'PTNESS. ʃ. [from abrupt.]
1. An abrupt manner, hafte, ſuddenneſs,
2. Unconnedtedneſs, roughneſs, craggineſs. Woodward.

A'BSCESS. [abſceffus, Lat.] A morbid cavity
in the body. Arbuth.

To ABSCI'ND. v. a. To cut off.

ABSCl'SSJ. [Lat.] Part of the diameter
of a conic feſſion, intercepted between the
vertex and % femi-ordinate.

ABSCISSION. ʃ. [abjdffio, Lat.]
1. The act of cutting off. Wiſeman.
2. The ſtate of being cut off. Brown.

To ABSCO'ND. v. a. [abjcondo, Lat.] To
hide one's felf.

ABSCO'NDER. ʃ. [from abſcond.] Theper-
Ibn that abſconds.

A'BSENCE. ʃ. [See Absent.]
1. The ſtate of being abſent, oppoſed to
prefence. Shakſp.
2. Want of appearance, in the legal ſenſe. Addiʃon.
3. Inattention, heedleſſneſs, neglectofthe
preſent object. Addiʃon.

A'BSENT. a. [abſens, Lat.]
1. Not preſent ; uſed with the particle
fromyi. Pope. .
2. Abſent in mind, inattentive. Addiʃon.

To ABSE'NT. v. a. To withdraw, to forbear
to come into prelence. Shakſp.

ABSENTE'E. ʃ. A word uſed commonly
with regard to Iriſhmen living out of their
country. Davies.

ABSI'NTHIATED. p. [from abfmthium,
Lat.] Impregnated with wormwood.

To ABSrST. v. n. [abfijlo, Lat.] To fland
off, to leave off.

To ABSOLVE. v. a. [abfolvo, Lat.]
1. To clear, to acquit of a crime in a judicial
ſenſe. Shakſp.
2. To ſet free from an engagement or
promife. Waller.
3. To pronounce a ſin remitted, in the
eccleſiaſtical ſenſe. Pope. .
4. To finiſh, to complete. Hale.

A'BSOLUTE. a. [abfoluius, Lat.]
1. Complete ; applied as well to perſons
as things. Hooker.
2. Unconditional ; as, an abſolute promife. South.
3. Not relative ; as, absolute ſpace. Stillingfl.
4. Not limited ; as, absolute power.

A'BSOLUTELY. ad. [from absolute,']
1. Completely, without lenti^ioiy. Sidney.
2. Without relation. Hooker.
3. Without limits or dependance. Dryd.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


4. Without condition. Hooker.
5. Peremptorily, poſitively. Mi/ten

A'BSOLUTENESS. ʃ. [from absolute.]
1. Compkatneſs.
2. Freedom from dependance, or limits. Clarendon.
3. Deſpotifm. Bacon.

ABSOLU'TION. ʃ. [abfolutio, Latin.]
1. Acquittal.
2. The remiſſion of fin', or penance. South

ABSOLUTORY. a. [abfolutonus, Lat.]
That which abſolves.

A'BSONANT. a. Contrary to reaſon.

A'BSONOUS. a. [aifonus, Lat.] Abfurd,
contrary to reaſon.

To ABSO'RB. v. a. [abforbeo, Lat. prefer,
abjorbed ; part, ptei.abforhed, or abforpt.]
1. To ſwallow up. Philips.
2. To ſuck up, Harve^',

ABSO'RBENT. ʃ. [abforbens, Lat.] A
medicine that, by the ſoftneſs or porofity
of its parts, either cafes the aſpeiities of
pungent humours, or draws away ſuperflucus
moiſture in the body. 0uincy

ABSO'RPT. p. [from absorh.] Swluowed. Pope. .

ABSO'RPTION. ʃ. [from absorb.] The ia
of ſwallowing up. Burnet.

To ABSTAIN. 1,. n. [ab/iineo, Lat.] To
forbear, to deny one's felf any gratification.

ABSTE'MIOUS. a. [abjiemius, Lat.] Temperate,
fober, abſtinent.

ABSTE'MIOUSLY. ad. [from abliemiou!.]
Temperately, ſoberly, without indulgence

ABSTE'MIOUSNESS. ʃ. [See Abstemious.]
The quality of being abttemious.

ABSTE'NTION. ʃ. [from ahjiineo, Lat.l
The act of holding oft'.

To ABSTE RGE. v. a. [abjlergo, Lat.] To
cleanle by wiping,

A'BSTERGENT. a. Cleanfing ; having a
clcanfing quality.

To ABSTE'RSE. [See Absterge.] To
cleanſc, to purifv. Brown.

AB^TE'RSION,/: [ahfter/to, Lat.] The ad
of cleanſing. Bacon.

ABSTE'RSIVE. a. [from abjlerge.] That
has the quality of abfteiging or cleanſing. Bacon.

A'BSTINENCE. ʃ. [abjlinentia, Lat.]
1. Forbearance of any thing. Locke.
2. Farting, or forbearance of neceſfary
food. Shakſp.

A'BSTINENT. a. [abjli.exis, Lat.] That
uſes abſtinence.

To ABSTRACT. v. a. [ahjjralo, Lat.]
1. To take one thing from another. Decay,
2. To ſeparate ideas. Locke.
3. To reduce to an epitome. Watts.

A'BSTRACT. a. [ahfir^^aus, Lat.]
Separated from ſomething elſe, generally
uſed with relation to mental perceptions ; as ; abpraii mathematics, Wdkint,


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ABSTRACT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A Irnaller quantity, containing the virtue
or power of a greater. Shakſp.
2. An epitome made by taking out the
principal partf. PVaits.
3. The ſtate of being abſtracted. Woitoiu

ABSTRA'CTED. v. a. [from abſtraa.]
1. Separated. Milton.
2. Refined, abſtruſe. Donne.
3. Abſent of mind.

ABSTRA'CTEDLY. ad. With abHraction,
ſimply, ſeparately from all contingent circumftances. Dryd.

ABSTRA'CTION. ʃ. [abpraBio, Lat.]
1. The act of abſtracting. Wjtts.
2. The ſtate of being abſtracted.
3. Abſence of mind, inat ention.
4. Difregard of worldly objects.

ABSTRA'CTIVE. a. [from ' ahſtra^.] Having
the power or quality of abilradling.

ABSTRA'CTLY. ad. [h^m ab/lraa.] In an
abſtract manner, abſolutely. Berkley.

ABSTRU'SE. a. [abjlrujus, Lat. thruſt out
of light.]
1. Hidden.
2. Difficult, remote from conception cr

ABSTRCi'SELY. ad. Obſcurely, not plainly,
or obviouſly.

ABSTRU'SENESS. ʃ. [from abjlruf.] Difficulty,
obſcurity. Boyle.

1. Abſtruſencfb.
2. That which is abſtruſe. Brown.

To ABSU'ME. 1: a. [abfumo, Lat.] To
bring to an end by a gradual waſte. Hale,

ABSU'RD. a. [abjurdus, Lat.]
1. Unreaſonable ; without judgment. Bac.
2. Inconſiſtent ; contrary to lealbn. South.

ABSU'RDITY. ʃ. [from ahjurd.]
1. The quality of being abfurd. Locke.
2. That which is abl'urd. Addiſ.

ABSU'RDLY. ad. [from obfurd} Improperly,
unreaſonably. Swift.

ABSU'RDNESS. ʃ. The quality of being
abfurd ; injudiciouſneſs, impropriety.

ABU'NDANCE. ʃ. [abondance, Fr.]
1. Plenty. Crajhaiu.
2. Great numbers. Addiſon.
3. A great quantity. Raleigh.
4. Exuberance, more than enough. Sfeiif.

ABU'NDANT. a. [abuijati:, Lat.]
1. Plentiful. I'ar. Loft.
2. Exuberant. Arbuth.
3. Fully ſtured. Burnet.

ABU'NDANTLY. ad. [from abundant.'.
1. In plenty. Gen,
2. Amply, liberally, more than fofficieotly. Rogers.

To ABU'SE. v. a. [ahutr,r^ Lat. In abuſe
the verb, / has the found of js ; in the
noun, the common found.]
1. To make an ill uſe of. 1 Cor.
2. To deceive, to impoſe upon. Bacon.

I,-. To treat with rudeneſs. Shakſp.

ABU'SE. ʃ. [from the verb abuſe.]
1. The ill uſe of any thing. Hooker.
2. A corrupt practice, hid caRom- S-wt/e.
3. Seducement. Sidney.
4. Unjuſt cenſure, rude reproach. Milt.

ABU'SER. ʃ. [pronounced abuzer.]
1. He that makes an ill uſe,
2. He that deceives.
3. He that reproaches with rudeneſs> 3. A raviſher, a violater.

ABU'SIVE. a. [from abuſe.]
1. Pra<ffiſing abuſe. Pope. .
2. Containing abuſe ; as, an abuſeve lampoon. Roſcommon.
3. Deceitful. Bacon.

ABU'SIVELY. ad. [from abuſe.]
1. Improperly, by a wrong uſe. Boyle.
2. Reproachfully. Herbert.

To ABU'T. v. a. obſolete. [aboutir, to touch
at the end, Fr.] To end at, to border upon ;
to meet, or approach to.

ABUTMENT. ʃ. [from abut.] That which
abuts, or borders upon another.

ABY'SM. ʃ. [abyfmc, old Fr.] A gulf; the ſame
with ribyfs. Shakſp.

ABY'SS. ʃ. [abyfus, Lat. ASua-cr©', bottomlt.
fs, Gr.]' 1. A depth without bottom. Milton.
2. A great depth, agulph. Dryd.
3. That in which any thing is loft. Locke.
4. The body of waters at the centre of the
earth. Burnet.
5. In the language of divines, hell, Roſc,

AC. AK. or AKE. In the names of places
asASJon, an oak, from the Saxon ac, an oak,

ACA'CIA. ʃ. [Lat.]
1. A drug brought from Egypt, which
being ſuppoſed the inſpiifated juice of a
tree, is imitated by the juice of floes,
2. A tree commonly ſo called here,

ACADE'MIAL. a. [from academy.] Relating
to an academy.

ACADE'MIAN. ſ. [from academy.] A ſcholar
of an academy or univerſity. Wood.

ACADE'MICAL. a. [academicus, Lat.] Belonging
to an univerſity. Wotton.

ACADE'MICK. ʃ. [from academy.] A ſtudent
of univerſity. J-Vaits.

ACADE'MICK. a. [academicus, Lat.] Relating
to an univerſity. Dunciad.

ACADEMrciAN. ſ. [academieien, Fr.]
The member of an academy.

ACA'DEMIST. ʃ. [from academy.] The
member of an academy. Ray.

ACA'DEMY. ʃ. [academia, Lat.]
1. An aſſembly or fociety of men, uniting
for the promotion of ſome art. Shakſp.
2. The place where I'tiences are taught. Dryd.
3. An

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3. An univerſity.
4. A place of education, in contradictiniſhon
to the univerſities or publick ſchools.

ACA'NTBUS. ʃ. [Lat.] The herb bearsfoot. Milton.

ACATALE'CTIC. ʃ. [axaraXnHTiX©^, Gr ] A verſe which has the cumpieac number of

To ACCE'DE. v. n. [accede, Lat.] To be
added to, to corr.e to.

To ACCELERATE. v. a. [cccekro, Lat.]
1. To make quick, to haften, to quicken
motion. Bacon.n,

ACCELERATION. ʃ. [accelcrauo. Lat.]
1. The act of quickening motion.
2. The ſtate of the bod v accelerated. Hale.

To ACCE'ND. %. a. [accendo, Lat.] To
kindle, to ſet on fire. Decay,

ACCE'NSION. ʃ. [acccr.fio, Lat.] The act
of kindling, or the ſtate of being kindled. Woodward.

ACCENT. ʃ. [accentui, Lat.]
1. The manner of ſpeaking or pronouncing. Shakſp.
2. The marks made upon ſyllables to regulate
their pronuntiation. Holder.
3. A modification of the voice, expreſſive
of the pillions or ſentiments. Prior.

To ACCE'NT. v. a. [from accentiis, Lat.]
1. To pronounce, to ſpeak words with
particular regard to the grammatical marks
or rules. Locke.
2. In poetry, to pronounce or utter in general. Wotton.
3. To write or note the accents.

To ACCE'NTUATE. v. a. [accctuer, Fr.]
To place the proper accents over the

ACCENTUATION. ʃ. [from ac:entuate.]
The act of placing ths accent in pronunciation.

To ACCETT. v. rt. [acelfio, Lat. accepter,
1. To take with pleaſure ; to receive
kindly. Dryd.
2. In the language of the bible, to accept
ferfons, is to act with perſonal and partial
regard. Job.

ACCEPTABI'LITY. ſ.The quality of being
acceptable. Taylor.

ACCETTABLE. a. [ccceptahk, Fr.]
1. Grateful ; oleaſing.

ACCETTABLENESS. ʃ. [from acceptalk.]
The quality of being acceptable. Grc^v.

ACCEPTABLY. ad. [from acceptable.] \a
an acceptable manner. Taylor.

ACCE'PTANCE. ʃ. [acceptance, Fr.]
Reception with approbation. Spenſ.

ACCEPTA TION. ſ. [from accept.]
1. Receptiin, wh:' her good or bad.
2. Good reception, acceptance,
3. The ſtue of being acceptable, regard,
4. Acceptance in the juridical Unis,

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5. The meaning of a word.

An ACCE'PTER. ʃ. [from accept.]^ The
perl'.n that accepts.

ACCEPTILA'TION. ʃ. [.cci-ptilatio, Lat.]
The remiſhor of a debt by an acquitance
from the creditor, teſtifying the receipt of
mi'ii°y which has never been paid.

ACCEPTION. [acceptwn, Fr. from acuptio,
Lat.] The received ſenſe of a word ^ the
meaning. Hammond.

ACCESS. ſ. [accfju^, Lat. acces, Fr.]
1. The way by which any thing may be
appi cached. Hammond.
z The means, or liberty, of approaching
either to things or men. Milton.
3. Encreaſe, enlargement, addition, ^acoff.
4. The returns or fits of a diftemper.

A'CCESSARINESS. a. [from acceffary]
1. The ſtate of being atceffary.

A'CCESSARY. a. He that not being the
chief agent in a crime, contributes to
i t- Clarendon.

ACCE'SSIBLE. a. acceffil>i/is, Lat.] acceffibk.
Fr.] That which may be approached,

ACCE'SSION. ʃ. [acceſſw, 1.^1. acceſſion, Fr.]
1. Encreaſe by ſomething added, enlargement,
2. The act of coming to, or joining one's
felf to ; as, acceſſion to a conſederacy.
3. The act of arriving at ; as, the king's
acceſſion to the throne.

A'CCESSORILY. ad. [from acceffory.] In
the raa.aner of an acceflory.

A'CCESSORY. a. J.)ined to another thing,
fo as to increaſe it ; additional.

A'CCESSORY. ʃ. [accej/'orious, Lat. accejoire.
1. A man that is guilty of a felonious offence,
not principally, but by participation.
2. That which does accede unto ſome
principal fact or thing in law,

A'CCIDENCE. ʃ. [a corruption of accidents,
from accidentia, Lat.] The little book contain
ng the firſt rudiments of grammar.
and explaining the propertiei of the eight
parts of ſpeech,

A'CCIDENT. ʃ. [accident, Lat.]
1. The property or quality of any being,
which may be ſeparated from it, at leaſt
in thought. Davies.
2. In grammar, the property of a word. Holder.
3. That which happens un..'oreſeen ; caſualty,
chance. Hooker.

ACCIDE'NTAL. ʃ. [accidental, Fr.] A
property noneſſential,

ACCIDE'NTAL. a. [from accident.]
1. Having the quality of an accident,
2. Cafual, fortuitous, happening by chance,

ACCIDE'NTALLY. ad. [from accidental,]
1. Noneil'entialiy,
2. Cafually, fortuitously.


ACCIDE'NTALNESS. ʃ. [from accidental.]
The quality of being accidental.

ACCl'PIENT. ſ. [accipiem, Lat.] A receiver.

To ACCI'TE. v. a. [accico, Lat.] To call,
to ſummons. Shakʃpeare.

ACCLA'IM. ʃ. [accla7n!>, Lat.] A ſhout of
praiſe ; acclamation,

ACCLAMA'TION. ʃ. [acdamatio, Lat.]
Shouts of applauſe.

ACCLI'VITY. ſ. [from acti'vus, Lat.] The
fteepneſs or flope of a line inclining to the
horizon, reckoned upwards ; as, the.'ſcent
of an hill is the acdivity, the deftent is
the declivity. - R^y-

ACCLI'VOUS. a. [acclivus, Lat.] Riſing
with a Hope.

To ACCLCY. v. a. [See Ci.ov.]
1. To fill up, in an ill ſenſe ; to croud ; to ſtuff full. Fairy i^.
2. To fill to fatiety. Ray.

To ACCO'lL. i\ n. [See Co 11.] To croud,
to keep a coil about, to buftle, to be in a
hurry. F^'^y %

A'CCOLENT. r. [accokns^l.Wi.] Abordtrtr.

ACCO'MMODABLE. a. [^aommoJul>i7is,
Lat.] That which may be fitted. ff'^atrs.

To ACCOMMODATE. v. a.> [accommcdo,
To ſupply with conveniencies of any
kind. Shakſp.

ACCO'MMODATE. a. [accommodutui, Lat.]
Suitable, fit.

ACCO'MMODATELY. ad. [from accommodare.]
Suitably, fitly.

ACCOMMODA'TION. ſ. [from accommodate.]
1. Proviſion of conveniencies.
2. In the plural, ci nveniencieb', things requiſite
to eaſe or rcheſhmeni. Clanrd,
3. Adaptation, fitnsls. Hal.]
4. Compoſſion of a difference, reconciliation,

ACCO'MPANABLE. a. [from accompany.]

ACCO'MPANIER. [from accup^pary.] The
perſon that makes part of the company ;

To ACCO'MPAN Y. v. a. [accompagner, Fr.]
1. To be with nnother as a companion.
2. To join with. Swift.

ACCO'MPLICE. ʃ. [cQiiii-lice, Fr. from complex.
1. An aſſociate, a partaker, uſually in an
ill ſenſe. ^w///.
2. A partner, or co-operator. Addiſon.

To ACCOMPLISH. '.'. a. [accomplir, Fr.
from complio, Lat.]
1. To complete, to execute fully; as, to
accompup a deſign. Ezekiel.
2. To complete a period of time. Dan.
3. To fulfil ; as, a prophecy. Addiſon.
4. To gain, to obtain. Shakſp.

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5. To adorn, or furniſh, either mind ot
body. Shakſp.

1. Complete in ſome qualification. Locke.
2. Elegant, finiſhed in reſpect of embeſh/
hments. Milton.

ACCO'MPLISHER. ʃ. [from accompliſh.]
The perſon that accompliſhes.

ACCO'MPLISHMENT. ʃ. [auomp'iJfmeTit, Fr.]
1. Completion, full performance, perfection.
2. Completion ; as, of a prophecy. Atter.
3. Embelliſhment, elegance, ornament of
mind or body. Addiſon.
4. The act of obtaining any thing. South.

ACCO'MPT. ʃ. [compte, Fr.] An account,
a reckoning. Hooker.

ACCO'MPTANT. ʃ. [accoviptant, Fr.] A
reckoner, computer.

To ACCORD. v. a. [derived, by ſome,
from chorda the firing of a muſical inſtrument,
by others, from cord^ hearts.]
To make agree ; to adjuſt one thing to
another. Pope. .

To ACCO'RD. v. a. To agree, to ſuit one
with another. Til'ot,

ACCO'RD. ʃ. [accord, Fr.]
1. A compact ; an agreement. Dryd.
1. Concurrence, union of mind. Spenſer.
3. Harmony, ſymmetry. Dryden.
3. Mufical note. Bacon.
5. Voluntary motion. Spenſer

ACCO'RDANCE. ʃ. [from accord.]
1. Agreement with a perſon. Fairfax.
2. Conformity to ſomething. Hammond.

ACCO'RDANT. a. [accordant, Fr.] Willing; in a good humour. Shakſp.

ACCO'RDING. p. [from accord.]
1. In a manner ſuitable to, agreeably to.
2. In proportion. Hooker.
3. With regard to. Holder.

ACCO'RDINGLY. ad. [from accord.] Agreeably,
fuuably, conformably. Shakſp.

To ACCOS'T v. a. [auofter, Fr.] To ſpeak
to firſt ; to addreſs ; to fajute. Milton.

ACCO'STABLE. a. [from accojL] Eaſy of
acceſs ; familiar. Wotton.

ACCO'UNT. ʃ. [from the old French acaccompt.]
1. A computation of debts or expences. Shakſp.
3. The Aate or reſult of a computation.
3. Value or eſtimation. zMac,
4. Diitindtion, dignity, rank. Pope. .
5. Regard, conſideration, fake. Locke.
6. A narrative, relation.
7. Examination of an affair taken by authotity.
8. The relation and reaſons of a tranſaction
given to a perſon in authority. Shakſp.
9. Explanation ; aflignment of cauſes. Locke.
10. An opinion concerning things previouſly
eftabliſhed. jiaco».

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2. The reaſon of any thing collected.
12. [In law] A writ or action brought
againſt a man. Cowell.

To ACCOUNT. v. a. [See ACCOUNT.]
1. To eſteem, to think, to hold in opinion. Deut.
2. To reckon, to compute. Holder.
3. To give an account, to aſſignthe cauſes. Swift.
4. To make up the reckoning ; to anſwer
for practices. Dryden.
5. To aſſign to. Clarendon.
6. To hold in eſteem. Chron.

ACCO'UNTABLE. a. [from account.] Of
whom an account may be required ; who
muft anſwer for. Oldham.

ACCOU'NTANT. a. [from account.] Accountable
to ; reſponſible for. Shakſp.

ACCOU'NTANT. ʃ. [See Accompt-

ANT.] A computer; a man ſkilled or
employed in accounts. Brown.

ACCOUNT-BOOK. ʃ. A book containing
accounts. Swift.

To ACCO'UPLE. v. a. [accoufiler, Fr.] To
join, to link together. Bacon.

To ACCO'URT. v. a. To entertain with
courtſhip, or courtefy. Fairy Sheen,

To ACCOUTRE. v. a. [accoiltrer, FrJ To
dreſs, to equip. Dryden.

ACCO'UTREMENT. ʃ. [accoutrement, Fr.]
Dreſs, equipage, trappings, ornaments, Sha.

ACCRETION. ʃ. [acretio, Lat.] The act
of growing to another, ſo as to cncreaſe it. Bacon.

ACCRE'TIVE. a. [from acretion.] Growing
; that which by growth is added. Glanv.

To ACCRO'ACH. v. a. [accrocher, Fr.]
To draw to one as with a hook.

To ACCRU'E. -K. n. [from the participle
accrii, Fr.]
1. To accede to, to be added to. Hooker.
Z, To be added, as an advantage or improvement. South.
3. In a commercial ſenſe, to be produced,
or arife ; as, proiits. Addiſon.

ACCUBA'TION. ʃ. [from accube, to lye
down to, Lat.] The antient poſture of
leaning at meals. Brown.

To ACCU'MB. T/. a. [aceumbo, Lat.] To
lie at the table, according to the antient
manner, Di€i.

To ACCUMULATE. v. a. [from accumuk,
Lat.] To pile up, to heap together, ^ba.

ACCUMULA'TION. ʃ. [from accumulate.]
1. The act of accumulating.
2. The ſtate of being accumulated. Arbuth.

ACCU'MULATIVE. a. [from accumulate.]
1. That which accumulates.
2. That which is accumulated. Co. o/'To>»,

ACCUMULATOR. ʃ. [from accumulate.]
He that accumulates ; a gatherer or heaper

together. Decay of Piety.

A'CCURACY. ʃ. [accuratio, Lat.] Exaftneſs,
nicety. Delany. Arbuth.

A'CCURATE. a. [accuratus, Lat.]
1. Exaft, as oppoſed to negligence or ignorance.
2. Exaft, without dcfedl or failure. Coljon,

A'CCURATELY. ad. [from accurate.] Exactly,
without errour, nicely. l^czut,

A'CCURATENESS. ʃ. [from accurate] E.xaftneſs,
nicety. Newt,

To ACCU'RSE. v. a. [See CURSE.] To
doom to miſery. Hooker.

ACCU'RSED. part. a.
1. That which is curſed or doomed to miſery. Denham.
2. Execrable ; hateful ; deteſtable. Sha.

ACCU'SABLE. a. [from the verb accuſe.]
That which may be cenſured ; blameable ; culpable. Brown.

ACCUSATION. ʃ. [from accuſe.]
1. The act of accufing. Milton.
2. The charge brought againſt any one. Shakſp.

ACCU'SATIVE. a. [accufativus^ Lat.] A
term of grammar, figmfying the relation
of the noun, on which the actiotn implied
in the verb terminates.

ACCU'SATORY. a. [from atcuſe.] That
which produceth or containeth an accufation. Ayliffe.

To ACCU'SE. v. a. [accufg, Lat.]
1. To charge with a crime. Dryden.
2. To blame or cenſure, Romans,

ACCUSER. f. [from accuſe.] He that brings
a charge againſt another. Ayliffe.

To ACCU'STOM. w. a. [atcoutumer, Fr.]
To habituate, to enure. Milton.

ACCU'STOMABLE. a. [from accuſtom.]
Of long cuſtom or habit. Hale.

ACCU'STOMABLY. ad. According to cuſtom. Bacon.

ACCU'STOMANCE. ʃ. [accoutumance, Fr.]
Cuſtom, habit, uſe. Boyle.

ACCU'STOMARILY. ad. In a cuſtomary

ACCU'STOMARY. a. [from auujlom.]
Ulual, practiſed.

ACCU'STOMED. [from accuſtom.] According
to culiom; frequent} uſual. Sha.

ACE. ʃ. [ai, Lat.] Arbuthnot.
1. An unit ; a ſingle point on cards ot
dice. South.
2. A ſmall quantity. Ge. of the Tongue.

ACE'PHALOUS. a. [a«s<}>aX©-, Gr.] Without
a head. A<5?.

ACE'BRITY. ʃ. [acerhitai, Lat.]
1. A rough ſower taſte,
2. Applied to men, ſharpneſs of temper. Pope.

To ACERVATE. v. a. [accrvo, Lat.] To
heap up. Di^,

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ACERVA'TION. ʃ. [from acervate.] Heaping

ACE'SCENT. a. [acefaw, Latin.] That
which has a tendency to fourneſs or acidity. Arbuthnot.

AGE'TOSE. a. That which has in it acids. Dia.

ACETO'SITY. ʃ. [from acctofe.] The ſtate
of being acctofe. Dia.

ACE'TOUS. a. [from acctuw, vinegar, Lat.]
Sour. Boyle.

ACKE. ʃ. [ace, Saxon ; a'x©', Greek.] A
continued pain. Shakſp.

To ACHE. v. n. [See Ache.] To be in
pain. Glavi),

To ACHIEVE. v. a. [achever, Fr.]
1. To perform, to finiſh. Dryden.
%, To gain, to obtain. Milton.

An ACHEVER. ſ. He that performs what
he endeavours. Shakʃpeare.

An ACHI'EVEMENT. ʃ. [achevenunt , Fr.]
1. The performance of an action, fa. S^.
1. The efcutcheon, or euſigns armorial. Dryden.

A'CHOR. ʃ. [achor, Lat. a'x'''^ Gr.] A
ſpecies of the herpes.

A'CID. a. [aculus, Lat. aciJe, Fr.] Sour,
(harp. Bacon. Sluimy.

ACi'DITY. ʃ. [from acid.]
Sharpneſs ; fourneſs. Arbuth. Ray.

A'CIDNESS. ʃ. [from acid.] The quahty
of being acid,

ACI'DUL^D. ʃ. [that is, a^ua acidula.]
Medicinal ſprings impregnated with ſharp
particles, as all the nitrous, chalybeate,
and alum ſprings are. i^Quincy.

To ACI'DULATE. v. a. To tinge with
acids in a ſlight degree. Arbuthnot.

1. To own the knowledge of ; to own any
thing or perſon in a particular character. Davies.
2. To confeſs ; as, a fault. Ffjlm,
3. To own ; as, a benefit. Milton.

ACKNO'WLEDGING. a. [from acknowledge.]
Grateful. Dryden.

ACKNO'WLEDGMENT. ʃ. [from acknowledge]
1. Conceſſion of any character in another. Shak.
2. Conceſſion of the truth of any poſition.
3. Confeſſion of a fault.
4. Confeſſion of a benefit received.
5. Act of atteſtation to any conceiEon ; ſuch as homage. Spenſer.

A'CME. j. [a«;x^, Gr.] The height of any
thing ; more eſpecially uſed to denote the
height of a dillemper. S^ircy.

ACO'LOTHIST. ʃ. [c«oXj.>3^£:,;, Gr.] One
of the Ijwcit order in the Romiſh church. Ayliffe.

A'CONITE. ʃ. [aconitum, Lat.] The h:rb
wolfs-bane. In poetical language, polfon
in general. - Dryden.

A'CORN. ʃ. [.^cepn, Sar, from ac, an
oak, and cojan, corn.] The feed or fruit
born by the oak. Dryden.

ACO USTICKS. ſ. ['AJt»f (!<a, of aK»a),Gr.]
1. The doctrine or theory of ſounds.
2. Medicines to help the hearing. Suiticy,

To ACQUA'INT. v. a. [accoinur, Fr.]
1. To make familiar with. Davies.
2. To inform. Shakſp.

ACQUA'INTANCE. ʃ. [accointance, Fr.]
1. The ſtate of being acquainted with ; familiarity, knowledge. Dryd. A'Uib,
2. Familiar knowledge. South.
3. A ſlight or initial knowledge, ſhort of
friendſhip. Swift.
4. The perſon with whom we are acquainted,
without the intimacy of friendfllip.
Fairy Queen.

ACQUA'INTED. Familiar, well known. Shakſp.

ACQU'EST. ʃ. [ac^uejl, Fr.] Acquifuion ; the thing gained. Woodward.

To ACQUIESCE. v. n. [acquiefcer, Fr. ac-
^uiejcfre, Lat.] To reſt in, or remain ſatisfied. South.

ACQUIE'SCENCE. ʃ. [from acquiefce.]
1. A ſilent appearance of content. Cl^rend.
2. Satisfaction, refl, content. Addiſonr,
3. Suhmiſſion. South.

ACQUIRABLE. a. [from acquire.] Attainable. Berkley.

To ACQU'RE. v. a. [acquerir, Fr. acquire,
Lat.] To gIain by one's labour or power. Shakſp.

ACQU'IRED. particifi. a. [from acquire.]
Gained by one's felf.

An ACQUI'RER. ʃ. [from acquire.] The
perſon thIat acquires; a gainer.

An ACQUI'REMENT. ʃ. [from acqui,e.]
That which is acquired ; gain ; attainment. Hayward.

ACQUISITION. ʃ. [acjuifitio, Lat.]
1. The act of acquiring. South.
2. The thing gained ; acquirement. Denh.

ACQUISITIVE. a. [cc^^uifuivu!, Lat.]
That which is acquired. IVction,

ACQU'IST. ʃ. [See Ac<i.UEST.] Acquirement
; attainment. Milton.

To ACQUI'T. 11. a. [acquiter, Fr.]
1. To ſet free. Spenſer.
2. To clear from a charge of guilt ; to
abſolve. Dryden.
3. To clear from any obligation. Dryden.
4. The man hath acquitted himſelf well ;
he diſcharged his duty.

ACQUITMENT. ʃ. [from acquit.] The
Hate of being acquitted ; or act of acquitting. South.

ACQUI'TTAL. ʃ. [s a deliverance from an
offence, Coiuclt,


To ACQUI'TTANCE. v. n. To procure
an acquittance ; to acquit. Shakſp.

ACQUI'TTANCE. ſ. [from acquU.]
1. The act of diſcharging from a debt. Milton.
2. A writing terrifying the receipt of a
debt. Shakſp.

A'CRE. ʃ. [JEc^t, Sax.] A quantity of
land containing in length forty perches,
and four in breadth, or four thouſand eight
hundred and forty ſquare yards. Difl,

A'CRID. a. [aeer, Lat.] Of a hot biting
taſte. Arbuthnot.

ACRIMO'NIOUS. a. Abounding with acrimony
; ſharp ; corrofive. Harvey.

A'CRIMONY. ʃ. [acrmoma, Lat.]
1. Sharpneſs, corrofiveneſs. Bacon.
2. Sharpneſs of temper, feverity. South.

A'CRITUDE. ʃ. [from acrid.] An acrid
tifte ; a biting heat on the palate. Grew.

ACROAMA'TICAL. a. [d^oaoy.at, Gr.]
Of or pertaining to deep learning.

ACRO'NYCAL. a. [from ax;-©-, fummus,
and vy;, nox ; importing the beginning of
night.] Atterm applied to the ſtars, of
which the riſing and fetting is called acrofiycal,
when they either appear above or
ſink below the horizon at fun-fet.

ACRO'NYCALLY. ad. [from acrofiycai]
At the acronycal time. Dryden.

ACROSPIRE. ʃ. [from axf'i^ and a-mX^a,
Gr.] A ſhoot or ſprout from the end of
feeds. Mortimer.

A'CROSPIRED. fart. a. Having ſprouts. Mortimer.

ACRO'SS. ad. Athwart, laid over ſomething
fo as to croſs it. Bacon.

An ACRO'STICK. ʃ. [from az^^ and
r'X®'i Gr.] A poem in which the firſt
letter of every line being taken, makes up
the name of the perſon or thing on which
the poem is written.

A'CROTERS. or ACROTERIA. ʃ. [In architectture
; from ox^ov, Gr.] Little pedeſtals
without bafes, placed at the middle
and the two extremes of pediments.

To ACT. v. n. [ago, aBum, Lat.]
1. To be in action, not to reſt. IPope.
Z, To perform the proper functions. South.
3. To practiſe the arts or duties of lite; to conduct one's, felf. Dryden.

To ACT. -z/. a,
1. To bear a borrowed character, as, a
ſtage- player. Pope. .
2. To counterfeit ; to feign by action. Dryden.
3. To produce effects in ſome paſſive ſubject
t. Arbuthnot.
4. To ailuate ; to put in motion ; to re-
gulate the movements. South.

ACT. ʃ. [aBum, Lat.]
1. Something done ; a deed ; an erploir,
whether ggod or ill. Shakſp.

2. Agency ; the powar of producing an
efteſt. Shakſp.
3. Action ; the performance of exploits. Dryden.
4. The doing of ſome particular thing ; a flep taken ; a meafare executed. Shak.
5. A ſtate of action. Hooker.
6. A pait of a play, during which the
action proceeds without interruption. Rof.
7. A decree of a court of juſtice. Shak.

A'CTION. ʃ. [aBion, Fr, aBio, Lat.]
1. The quality or ſtate of adling, oppoſite
to reſt. Shakſp.
2. An act or thing done ; a deed. Shak.
3. Agency, operation. Berkley.
4. The feiies of events repreſented in a
tdble. Addiſon.
5. Gefticulation ; the accordance of the
motions of the body with the words
ſpoken. Addiſon.
6. Action perſonal belongs to a man againſt
another. Action real is given to any man
againſt another, that poſſeffes the thing
required or fued for in his own name, and
no other man's. Action mixt is that which
lies as well againſt or for the thing which
we feek, as againſt the perſon that hash
it, . Co-zveii,
7. In France, the ſame as flocks in England.

A'CTIONABLE. a. [from aBion.] That
which admits an action in law ; puniſhable.

A'CTION-TAKING. ad. Litigious. Shak.

A'CTIVE. a. [aBtvus, Lat.]
1. That which has the power or qualify
of ading. Newton.
2. That which ads, oppoſed to paſſive.
3. Bufy, engaged in action ; oppoſed to
idle or fedentary. Denham.
4. Pradical ; not merely theoretical. Hooker.
5. Nimble ; agile ; quick. Dryden.
6. In grammar, a verb aBive is that
which ſignifies action, as, / teach. Clarke.

A'CTIVELY. ad. [from aBive.] Bufily ; nimbly,

A'CTIVENESS. ʃ. [from aBive.] Quickneſs
; nimblenelj. Wilkins.

ACTI'VITY. ʃ. [from aBive.] The quality
of being active. Bacon.

A'CTOR. ʃ. [aBor, Lat.]
1. He that ads, or performs any thing.

2. Hethit perſonatesacharacter ; a Uageplaver. Ben. Johnson.

A'CTRESS. ʃ. [aBrice, Fr.]
1. She that performs any thine. Addiſon.
2. A woman that plays on the ſtjge. Dryden.

A'CTUAL. a. [aBuel, Fr.]
1. That which compriſes adio.^, Shsf.
C z a. Rc^;i/

«. Really in act ; not merely potential. Milton.
3. In act ; not purely in ſpeculation. Dryd.

ACTUA'LITY. ſ. [from atlual.] The ſtate
of being actual. Cheyne.

A'CTUALLY. ad. [from aSlual.] In act ; in effect ; really. South.

A'CTUALNESS. ʃ. [from aHual.] The
quality of being actual.

ACTUARY. ʃ. [aauarlus, Lat.] The regifter
who compiles the minutes of the
proceedings of the court. Ayliffe.

To ACTUATE. v. a. [from ago, aEium,
Lat.] To put into action. Addiſon.

A'CTUATE. a. [from the verb.] Put into
action ; brought into efteſt. South.

ACTUO'SE. a. [from ad.] That which
hath ſtrong powers. D:^.

To A'CUATE. 1!. a. [acuo, Lat.] To

ACULEATE. a. [acuhatus, Lat.] Prickly
; that which terminates in a ſharp

ACU'MEN. ʃ. [Lat.] A ſharp point ; figuratively,
quici<neſs of intellects. Po^ie.

ACU'MINATED. particip. a. Ending in a
point ; ſharp-pointed. Wiseman.

ACUTE. a. [acutui, Lat.]
1. Sharp. oppoſed to blunt. Locke.
2. Ingenious, oppoſed to jitipld. Locke.
3. Vigorous; powerful in opecation. Locke.
4. Acute diſeaſe. Any diſeaſe, which is
attended with an increal'ed velocity of
blood, and terminates in a few days. S^inc,
5. Acute accent ; that which raiſes or
fiwrpens the voice.

ACU'TELY. ad. [from acute.] After an
acute manner ; iharply. Locke.

ACUTENESS. ʃ. [from acute.]
1. Sharpneſs.
2. Force of intellects. Locke.
3. Violence and ſpecdy crifis of a malady. Brown.
4. Sharpneſs of found. B^oyle.

AVA'CTED. part. a. [a^jſſw, Lat.] Driven
by force. Diii.

A'DAGE. ʃ. [adagium, Lat.] A maxim ; a proverb, Glnr.'uiile.

ADA'GIO. ʃ. [Italian.] Atterm uſed by
muſicians, to m.^ik ; flow time,

ADAMANT. ʃ. [^adamai, Lat.]
1. A ilone of impenetrable huidneſs. 5ha.
2. The diamond. Ray.
5. The loadſtone. Bacon.

ADAMANTE'AN. a. [from adamant.]

HIrd as adamant. Milton.

ADAMANTINE. a. [adawantims, Lat.]
1. Made of adamant. Dryden.
2. Having the qualities of adamant ; as,
hirdneſs, indilfolubility. Davies.

ADAM'S-APPLE. ſ. [in anatomy.] A
prominent part of the throat.

To ADA'PT. v. a. [cidapto, Lat.] To fit

to ſuit ; to proportion. Swift.

ADAPTATION. ʃ. [from adapt.] The
act of fitting one thing to another ; the
fitneſs of one thing to another. Boyle.

ADAPTION. ʃ. [from adapt.] The act of
fitting. Cheyne.

To ADD. v. a. [addo, Lat.]
1. To join ſomething to that which was
before. Dryden.
2. To perform the mental operation of
adding one Humber or conception to another. Locke.

To ADDE'CIMATE. v. a. [addecimo, Lat.]
To take or afcertain tithes. DiB,

To ADDEEM. v. a. [from deem.] To
eſteem ; to account. Daniel.

A'DDER. ʃ. [JE-cTeji, Sax. poiſon.] A
ſerpent, a viper, a poiſonous reptile. Taylor.

A'DDER'S-GRASS. ſ. A plant.

A'DDER'S-TONGUE. ſ. An herb. Millar,

A'DDER'S WORT. ſ. An herb.

A'DDIBLE. a. [from add.] Pofſible to be
added. Locke.

ADDIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from addible.] The poſſibility
of being added. Locke.

A'DDICE. ʃ. [corruptly ada, a'©ej-e. Sax.]
A kind of aic. Moxon.

To ADDICT. v. a. [addico, Lat.]
1. To devote, to dedicate. Cor,
2. It is commonly taken in a bad ſenſe ; as, he addi6ied himſelf to vice,

A'DDICTEDNESS. ʃ. [from addiacd.] The
ſtate of being addiſted. Boyle.

ADDI'CTION. ʃ. [addiBio, Lat.]
1. The act of devoting.
2. The ſtate of being devoted. Shakſp.

An A'DDITAMENT. ʃ. Addition ; thing
added. Hale.

ADDI'TION. ʃ. [from add.]
1. The act of adding one thing to another. Berkley.
2. Adiitament, or the thing added. Uam,
3. In arithmetick. Addition is the reel
uſtion of two or more numbers of like
kind, together into one fum or total. C-^ck.
4. In law. A title given to a man over
and above his chriftian name and furname. Cowell. Shakſp. darend.

ADDI'TIONAL. a. [from addition.] That
which is added. Addiſon.

A'DDITORY. a. [from add.] That which
has the power of adding. Arbuthnot.

A'DDLE. a. [from a'oel, a diſeaſe, Sax.]
Originally applied to eggs, and ſignifying
ſuchas produce nothing ; thence transferred
to brains that produce nothing. Button,

To ADDLE. v. a. [from addle.] To make
addle ; to make barren. Brown.

A'DDLE-PATED. a. Having barren brains. Dryden.

To ADDRE'SS. v. a. [addrelſer, Fr.]
1. To prepare one's kit to enter upon any
action. Shakſp.
2. To get ready.
3. To apply to another by words,

ADDRE'SS. ʃ. [aJdreJe, Fr.]
1. Verbal application to any one. Prior.
2. Courtſhip, AddiJoKt
3. Manner of addreſſing another ; a man
of a fleaſing address.
4. Skill, dexterity. Swift.
5. Manner of directing a letter.

ADDRE'SSER. ʃ. [from a<fJr«/i.] The perſon
that addreires.

ADDU'CENT. a. [adducens, Lat.] A word
applied to thoſe muſcles that draw together
the parts of the body. Quincy.

To ADDU'LCE. v. a. [addoucir, Fi, dulas,
Lat.] To ſweeten.

ADDENO'GRAPHY. [from «Jotov and
y^aifia), Gr.] A treatife of the glands.

ADE'MPTION. [ademftum, Lat.] Privation,

ADE'PT. ʃ. [adeftus, Lat.] He that is
completely ſkilled in all the ſecrets of his
art. Pof>e.

ADE'Pr. a. Skilful ; throughly verred.ficy/V.

A'DEQUATE. a. [adejuatus, Lat.] Equal
to ; proportionate. South.

A'DEQUATELY. ad. [from adequate.]
In an adequate manner ; with exactneſs of
proportion. South.

A'DEQUATENESS. ʃ. [from adequate.]
The state of being adequate ; exaCtncls of

To ADHE'RE. v. n. [adbareo, Lat.]
1. To flick to.
2. To be conllftents to hold together. Shakſp.
3. To remain firmly fixed to a party, or
opinion. Shakſp. Boyle.

ADHE'RENCE. ʃ. [from adhere:\
1. The quality of adhering, tenacity.
2. Fixedneſs of mind ; attachment ; ſteadineſs. Swift.

ADHE'RENCY. ſ. [The ſame with adbe.
rence,'\ Decay of Piety.

ADHE'RENT. a. [from adhere.]
1. Sticking to. Pope. .
1. United with. Watts.

ADHE'RENT. ʃ. [from adheie.] A follower
; a partiſan. Raleigh.

ADHE'RER. ʃ. [from adhere.] He that adheres. Swift.

ADHE'SION. ʃ. [adhafio, Lat.]
The act or ſtate of kicking to ſomething. Boyle.

ADHE'SIVE. a. [from adhfm.] Sticking ; tenacious. Thomfon.

To ADHi'BIT. %'. a. [adhibeo, Lat, ; To apply
; to make uſe of.

ADHIBI'TION. ʃ. [from adhibit.] Application
; uſe. Dm.

ADJA'CENCY. ʃ. [from adjaceo, Lat.
I . The ſtate of lying cloſe to another thing.
1. That which is adjacent. Brown.

ADJACENT. a. [adjacens^ Lat.] Lving
cloſe ; bordering upon ſomething, S^cini

ADJA'CENT. ʃ. That which lies next anot.^^''-. Locke.

ADIA'PHOROUS. c. [aJ,a<fog(^, Gr. ;
Neutral. Boyle.

ADIA'PHORY. ʃ. [aJwtoj.'a, Gr.] Neutrality
; indifference.

To ADJE'CT. v. a. [adjido, adjefluK,
Lat.] To add to ; to put to.

ADJE'CTION. ʃ. [adjecto, Lat.]
1. The act of adjecting, or adding.
2. The thing adjected, or added. Brown.

ADJECTI'TIOUS. a. [from adjection.] Added
; thrown in.

ADJECTIVE. ʃ. [adjeci'vum, Lat.] A
word added to a noun, to ſignify the addition
or ſeparation of ſome quality, circumftance,
or manner of being ; as, good,
bad. Clarke.

A'DJECTIVELY. adv. [from adjtSliw.]
After the manner of an adjeffive.

ADIEU'. ad. [from a Dicu.] Farewel. Prior.

To ADJO'IN. v. <7, [adjo.ndre, Yt. adjunga.
hn.] To join to ; to unite to ; to put to, ffattu

To ADJOI'N. v. n. To be contiguoui to. Dryden.

To ADJO'URN. v. a. [jdjourrer, Fr.]
To put oft' to another day, naming the
time. Bacon.

ADJOURNMENT. ʃ. [adjourmient, Fr.] A putting off till another day. L'Eſtrange.

A'DIPOUS. a. [adipofu!, Lat.] Fat, Dia.

A'DIT. ʃ. [aditus, Lat.] A paſſage under
ground. Ray.

ADi'TION. ʃ. [aditum, Lat.] The act of
going to another,

To ADJUDGE. v. o. [adjudico, Lat.]
1. To give the thing controverted to one
of the parties. Locke.
2. To ſentence to a puniſhment. Shakſp.
3. Simply to judge; to decree. Knolles.

ADJUDICA'TION. ʃ. [adjudicatio, Lat.]
The act of grantine ſomething to a litigant.

To ADJUDICATE. [adjudic», Lat.] To

To A'DJUGATE. v. a. [adjugo, Lat.] To
yoke to.

A'DJUMENT. ʃ. [adjumntum, Lat.] Help.

A'DJUNCT. ʃ. [adjura.m, Lat.]
Something adherent or united to another. Swift.

AD'JUNCT. a. Immediately conſequent. Sh,

ADJU'NCTION. ʃ. [adjunaio, Lat.]
1. The act of adjoining,
2. The thing joined,

ADJUNCTIVE. ʃ. [adjunaivus, Lat.]
1. He that joins.
2. That which is joined.

ADJURA'TION. ʃ. [^ajwatio, Lat.]
1. The art of propofing an oath to another,
2. The form of oath propoſed to another. Addiſon.

To ADJU'RE. v. a. [adjuro, Lat.] To Impoſe
an oath upon another, preſcribing
the form. Milton.

To ADJU'ST. v. a. [adjujler, Fr.]
1. To regulate ; to put in order. Swift.
2. To make accurate. Locke.
3. To make conformable. Milton.

ADJU'STMENT. ʃ. [adjuſtement, Fr.]
1. Reguiation ; the act of putting in method. Woodward.
2. The ſtate of being put in mtt\\oi,Watts.

A'JUTANT. ʃ. A petty officer, whoſeduty
is to aſſiſt the major, by diftributing pay,
and overſeeing puniſhment.

To ADJUTE. f- a- [adjuvo, ajutum, Lat.]
To help ; to concur. Johnſon.

ADJU'TOR. ʃ. [adjutor, Lat.] A helper.

ADJU'TORY. a. That which helps.

A'DJUVaNT. a. [adjuvant, Lat.] Helpful ;

To A'DJUVATE. v. a. [adjuvo, Lat.] To
help ; to further.

ADME'ASUREMENT. ʃ. [See Measure.]
The act or practice of meaſuring
according to rule. Bacon.

ADMENSURATION. ʃ. [ad and mtnjura.
Lat.] The act of meaſuring to each his

ADMI'NICLE. ʃ. [admmculum, Lat.] Help; ſupport.

ADMINI'CULAR. a. [from adimnicuhm,
Lat.] That which gives help.

To ADMI'NISTER. v. a. [adminijlro. Lat.]
1. To give; to afford ; to ſupply. Philips.
2. To ad as the minſter or agent in any
employment or office. Pope.
3. To adminſter juſtice.
4. To adminſter the ſacramenta. Hooker.
c. To adminſter an oath. Shakſp.
6. To adminſter phyſick.
7. To contribute ; to bring ſupplies.
8. To perform the office of an adminiltrator,

TO ADMINISTRATE. v. a. [admini/lro,
Lat.] To give as phyſick. Woodward.

ADMINISTRATION. ʃ. [admimjiratio, Lat.]
1. The act of adminſtering or conducing
any employment. Shakſp.
2. The active or executive part of government.
3. Thoſe to whom the care of publick affairs
is committed.
4. Diſtribution ; exhibition ; diſpenfation. Hooker.

ADMI'NISTRATIVE. a. [from admitiiſtrate.]
That which adminſters.

ADMINISTRA'TOR. ʃ. [adminiſtrator, Lat.]
1. He that has the goods of a man dying
jnttſlate, committed to his charge, and
is accountable fur the ſame.
Cowell. Bacon.
2. He that officiates in divine rites. Watts.
3. He that conducts the government.

ADMINISTRATRIX. ʃ. [Lat.] She'who
adminiſters in conſequence of a will.

niJirator.] The office of adminiſtrator.

A'DMIRABLE. a. [admirabilis, Lat.] To
be admired ; of power to excite wonder. Sidney.

A'DMIRABLENESS. ʃ. [from admiraile.]
The quality of being admirable.

ADMIRABI'LITY. ſ. [admirabilis, Lat.]
The quality or ſtate of being admirable.

A'DMIRABLY. ad. [from admirable.] In
an admirable manner. Addiſon.

A'DMIRAL. ʃ. [amiral, Fr.]
1. An officer or magiſtrate that has the
government of the king's navy. Cowell,
2. The chief commander of a fleet. Knolles.
3. The Oup which carries the admiral. Knolles.

A'DMIRALSHIP. ʃ. [from admiral.] The
office of admiral.

A'DMIRALTY. ʃ. [ammirahe, Fr.] The
power, or officers, appointed for the adminiſtration
of naval affairs.

ADMIRATION. f. [admiratio, Lat.] Wonder
; the act of admiring or wondering. Milton.

To ADMI'RE. v. a. [admirerj Lat.]
1. To regard with wonder.
2. To regard with love.

To ADMI'RE. v. n. To wonder.

An ADMI'RER. ſ. [from admire.]
1. The perſon that wonders, or regards
with admiration.
2. A lover.

ADMI'RINGLY. ad. [from admire.] With
admiration. Shakſp.

ADMI'SSIBLE. a. [admitto, admiffum, Lat.]
That which may be admitted. Hale.

ADMI'SSION. ʃ. [admiffio, Lat.]
1. The act or practice of admitting. Bacon.
2. The ſtate of being admitted. Dryden.
3. Admittance ; the power of entering. Woodward.
4. The allowance of an argument.

To ADMIT. v. a. [admit to, Lat.]
1. To allow to enter. Pope. .
2. To allow to enter upon an office. Clarendon.
3. To allow an argument or poſition. Fairfax.
4. To allow, or grant in general.

ADMI'TTABLE. a. [from admit.] Which
mav be admitted. Ayliffe.

ADMITTANCE. ʃ. [from admit.]
1. The act of admitting ; permiſſion to
2. The power or right of entering
3. Cuſtom.
4. ConADO
5. Conceſllon of a poſition. Bronvit,

To ADMI'X. v. a. [admifceo, Lat.] To
mingle with ſomething elſe.

ADMI'XTION. ʃ. [from admix.] The union
of one body with another. Bi^con,

ADMI'XTURE. ʃ. [from admix.] The body
mingled with another. Woodward.

To ADMO'NISH. v. a. [cdmoneo, Lat.]
To warn of a fault ; to reprove gently. Decay of Piety. Dryd.

ADMO'NISHER. ʃ. [from admomjh.] The
perſon that puts another in mind of his
faults or duty. Dryden.

ADMO'NISHMENT. ʃ. [from admoniſh.]
Admonition ; notice of faults or duties.

ADMONITION. ʃ. [admonifio, Lat.] The
hint of a fault or duty ; counfel ; gentle
reproof. Hooker.

ADMONI'TIONER. ʃ. [from admonition.]
A general ad vifer. A ludicrous term. Hooker.

ADMO'NITORY. a. [admonitoriut, Lat.]
That which admoniſhes. Hooker.

ADMURMURA'TION. ,/. [admurmuro,
[Lat.] The act of murmuring, to another.

To ADMOVE. v. a. [admoveo, Lat.] To
bring one thing to another. Brown.

AD'O. ʃ. [from the verb to do, with a before
it, as the French.]
1. Trouble, difficulty. Sidney.
2. Buffle ; tumult ; buſineſs. Locke.
3. More tumult and ſhew of buſineſs, than
the affair is worth. L'Eſtrange.

ADOLE'SCENCE. ʃ. [adoleſcentia, Lat.] The
age ſucceeding childhood, and ſucceeded
by puberty. Berkley.

ADOLE'SCENCY. ʃ. The ſame with adoleſcence. Brown.

To ADO'PT. v. a. [adopto, Lat.]
1. To take a ſon by choice ; to make him
a fon, who was not ſo by birth.
2. To place any perſon or thing in a nearer
relation, to ſomething elſe. Locke.

ADCPTEDLY. ad. [from adopted.] After
the manner of ſomething adopted. Shakʃpeare.

ADO'PTER. ʃ. [from adopt.] He that gives
ſomeone by choice the rights of a fun.

ADO'PTION. ʃ. [adoftio, Lat.]
1. The act of adopting. Shakſp.
2. The state of being adopted. Roger,

ADO'PTIVE. a. [adoptivus, Lat.]
1. He that is adopted by another. Bacon.
2. He that adopts another. yAyliffe.

ADO'RABLE. a. [adorable, Fr.] That which
ought to be adored. Cheyre.

ADO'RABLENESS. ʃ. [from adorable.]
Worthineſs of divine honours.

ADO'RABLY. ad. [from adorable.] In a
manner worthy of adoration.

ADO'RATION. [adoratio, Lat.]
1. The external homage paid to the Divinity. Hooker.
2. Homage paid to perſons in high place Qr

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To ADORE. v. a. [adoro,UK.] To worſhip
with external homage. Dryden.

ADO'RER. ʃ. [from adore] He that adores ;
a worſhipper. Prior.

To ADO'RN. v. a. [adorno, Lat.]
1. To dreſs ; to deck the perſon with ornaments.
2. To ſet out any place or thing viik .^ecorations. Cowley.
?. To embelliſh with oratory. Spfat.

ADO'RNMENT. ʃ. [from ado:n.] Ornament
; embelliſhment. knUigh.

ADO'WN. ad. [from a and down.] Down ; on the ground. tauy :^uein,

ADO'WN. prep. Down towards the ground. Dryd.

ADRE'AD. ad. [from a and dread.] in a
ſtate of fear. ^siiney,

ADRITT. ad. [from a and drift.] Floating
at random.

ADROIT. a. [French.] Dextrous ; a^ive
; ſkilful. J,r'vai.

ADRO'ITNESS. ʃ. [from adroit.] Dexterity
; readineſs ; activity,

ADRY'. ad. [from a and ^ry.] Athirſt ; thirſty. Spt^.

ADSCITI'TIOUS. a. [adfcitiiius, Lat.]Thit
which is taken in to complete ſomething

ADSTRI'CTION. ʃ. [adſtriaio, Lat.] The
act of binding together.

To ADVA'NCE. v. a. [avancer, Fr.]
1. To bring forward, in the local ſenſe. Paradiſe Loft.
2. To raiſe to preferment ; to aggrandize.
3. To improve. Tillgtion.
4. To heighten ; to grace ; to give luſtre
to. South.
5. To forward ; to accelerate. Bacon.
6. To propoſe; to offer to the publick. Dryden.

To ADVA'NCE. v. n.
1. To come forward; Parnel,
2. To make improvement. Locke.

ADVA'NCE. ʃ. [from to advance.]
1. The act of coming forward. Clarendon.
2. A tendency to come forward to meet a
lover. Waiſh,
3. Progreſſion ; riſe from one point to another. Atterbury.
4. Improvement ; progreſs towards perfection.

ADV'A'NCEMENT. ʃ. [avancement, Fr.]
1. The act of coming forward. Swift.
2. The Hate of being advanced ; preferment. Shakſp.
4. Improvement. Brown.

ADVA'NCER. ʃ. [from advance.] A promoter
; f rwar ier. Bacon.

ADVA'NTAGE. ʃ. [avantage, Fr.]
1. Superiority. Sprat.
Ins piot'elled : it is generally
applied to religion. Sprat.

APO'STATE. ʃ. [apojlata, Lat. a'srsg-d'Ti;.]
One that has forſaken his religion. Rogers.

APOiITA'TICAL. a. [from apellate] After
the manner of an apoſtate.

To APO STATIZE. v. a. [from apafiate.]
To forſake one's religion. Berkley.

To APO'STEMATE. v.. [ixovc\apoliane.]
To ſwell and corrupt into matter. IVifcmaii,

APOSTEMA'TION. ʃ. [from apoflt-mate.]
The gathering of a hollow purulent tumour.

A'POSTEVTE. ʃ. [«7r;V»;xa.] A hollow

A'POSTUiME. ^ ſwelling ; an abſceſs. Wiſeman.

APO'STLE. ʃ. [apofiolu!, Lat. dno^oKo;.]
A perſon ſent with mandates ; particularly
applied to them whom our Saviour deputed
to pie^th the golpel. Ltii.ke.

APO'STLESHIP. ʃ. [from apo^k.] The
office or dignity of an apaſtle. Locke.

APOSTOLICAL. a. [from a^o/oZ/V^.] Dc-
Jivere;! by the apoſtles. Hooker.

APOSTO LICALLY. ad. [from .apcjlolhal.]
In the manner of the apoiHes.

APOSTO'LICK. a. [from apcflle.] Taught
by the apoflles. Dryden.

APO'STROPHE. ʃ. [a7!-o,'-^ot»'-]
1. In rhetorick, a diverſion of ſpeech to
another perſon, than the ſpeech appointed
did intend or require. Smith.
3. In grammar, the contraction of a word
by the uſe of a comma ; as, tho , for
though. Swift.

To APOSTROPHIZE. ::'. a. [from apojtropke.]
To addreſs by an apoilrophe. Pope. .

A'POSTUME. ʃ. A hollow tumour filled
with purulent matter. Harvey.

APOTHECARY. ʃ. [apoibſca. Lat. a repofitory.'
; A man whoſe employment it is
to keep medicines for ſale. South.

APO'THEGM. ʃ. [properly apophthegm.]
A remarkable faying. ff'atti.

APOTHEOSIS. ʃ. [from anro and ^io;-]
Deification. Gartk.

APO'TOiME. ʃ. [from ^VotsjUVw, to cut off.]
The remainder or difference of two incnmmcnfurable
quantities. Chamben.

APOZEM. ʃ. [aWs, from, and {i«, to
boil.] A decodtion. TVifemati.

To APPA'L. v. a. [appalir, Fr.] To
fright ; to depreſs. Clarendon.

APPA'LEMENT. ʃ. [from appal.] Depreſſion
; impreſſion of fear. Bacon.

A'PPANAGE. ʃ. [dppanagiuni, low Latin.]
Lands ſet apart tuv the maintenance of
younger children. Swift.

APPARA'TITS. ʃ. [Latin.] Tools; furniturc
; equipage ; ſhow.'Pope. .

APPA'REL. ʃ. [opparei!, Fr.]
1. Dreſs ; ve/luia. Shakʃpeare.

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2. External habiliments. Tathr,

To APPA'REL. v. a. [from apparel, the
1. To dreſs ; to cloaih. Samuel.
2. To cover or deck. Berkley.

APPA'RENT. a. [^apparent, Fr.]
1. PIain; indubitable. Hooker.
2. Seeming ; not real. Hall.
3. Viſible. Atterbury.
4. Open ; diſcoverible. Shakʃpeare.
5. Certain ; not preſumptive. Shakſp.

APPA'RENTLY. ad. [from apparent.]
Evidently ; openly. Tillotſon.

APPARI'TION. ʃ. [from appareo, Lat.]
r. Appearance; viſibility. Milton.
2. A viſible object. Tatler]
3. A ſpectre ; a walking ſpirit. Locke.
4. Something only apparent, not real. Denham.
5. The viſibility of ſome luminary. Brown.

APPA'RITOR. ʃ. [from appareo, Latin.l
The lowed officer of the eccleſiaftical
court. Ayhfft.

To APPA'Y. v. a. [appayer, old Fr.] To
ſatisfy ; well appayed, is pleajed ; til appaycd,
is uneajy. Milton.

To APPE'ACH. v. a.
1. To accuſe. Bacon.
2. To cenſure ; to reproach. Dryden.

APPE'ACHMENT. ʃ. [from a/p-ach.]
Charge exhibited againſtany man. l^Fotton.

To APPE'AL. v. a. [appello, Lat.]
1. To transfer a cauſe from one. to another. Stepney.
2. To call anothir as witneſs. Locke.
3. To charge with a crime. Shakʃpeare.

APPE'AL. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A provocation from an inferior to a
ſuperior judge. Dryden.
2. In the common law, an accufation.
3. A ſummons to anfv^er a charge. Dryden.
A. A call upon any as witneſs. Bacon.

AP'PE'ALANT. ʃ. [from appeal.] He that
appeals. Shakʃpeare.

To APPE'AR. v. n. [appareo, Lat.]
1. To be in fight ; to be viſible. Prior.'
2. To become viſible as a ſpirit, ASis.
3. To ſtand in the prefence of ſome ſuperiour.
4. To be the objeiSt of obſervation. Pſtilin.
5. To exhibit one's felf before a court.Shakʃpeare.
6. To be made dear by evidence. Spenſer.
7. To ſeem ; in oppoſition to reality. ^WWni^'.
S. To be plain beyond diſpute. Arbuthnot.

APPEARANCE. ʃ. [from To ppear.l
I- The act of coming into fight.
2. The thing ſeen.
3. Phcenpmenon;any thing viſible.C/c/flw.
4. Semblance ; not reality. Dryden.
5. OutfjJe ; ſhow. Rogers.
6. Entry into a place or company. Addiʃon.
7. Apparition ;.

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7. Apparition ; ſupernatural viſibillty. Addiſon.
8. Exhibition of the perſon to a court.Shakʃpeare.
9. Open circumftance of a cafe, ii-wifc.
10. Prefence ; mien. Addiſon.
11. Probability; likelihood. Bacon.

APPE'ARER. ʃ. [from To appear.] The
perſon that appeals. Brown.

APFE'ASABLE. a. [from appeafi.] Reconcileable.

APPE'ASABLENESS. ʃ. [from appeaſe.]

To APPE'ASE. ^. a. [appdfer, Fr.]
1. To quiet ; to put in a ſtate of peace. Davies.
2. To pacify ; to reconcile. Milcor,

APPE'ASEMENT. ʃ. [from appeafc] A
rtjte of peace. Haywa'-d.

APPE'ASER. ʃ. [from appcafc.] He. that
pacifies ; he that quiets disturbances.

APPE'LLAKT. ʃ. [appdlo, Lat. to call.]
1. A challenger. Shakʃpeare.
2. One that appeals from a lower to a
higher power. Ayliffe.

APPE'LLATE. ʃ. [appelhtuf, Lat.] The
perſon appealed againrt. Ayliffe.

AFPELLA'TION. ʃ. [appelbtlo, Latin.]
Name. Broiw,

APPE'LLATIVE. ʃ. [appellath'vm, Lat.]
Names for a whole rank of beings, are
called appellarii'es. f-Fatts.

APPELLATIVELY. ad. [from appellative.]
According to the manner of nouns appellative.

APPE'LLATORY. a. [from appeal'] That
which contains an appeal.

APPE'LLEE. ʃ. One who is accuſed. DiEf.

To APPE'ND. v. a. [^.pptndo, Lat.]
1. To hang any thing upon another.
2. To add to ſomething as an accefibry.

APPE'NDAGE. ʃ. [French.] Something
added to another thing, without being
necelTary to its elTence. Taylor.

APPE'NDANT. a. [French.]
1. Hanging to ſomething elſe.
2. Annexed ; concomitant. Rogers.
3. In law, any thing belonging to another,,
as arcjforium p<-'.ncipali. CoiucI'.

APPE'NDANT. ʃ. An accidental or adventitious
Dart. Grezv,

To APPE'NDICATE. t:a. [appends, Lat.]
To add to another thing. Hak.

APPENDICA'TION. ʃ. [from appendiſat'e.]
Annexion. Hah,

APPENDIX. f. appendices, plur. [LaT.]
1. Something appended or added. i>a!l/r?f£,
2. An adjunct or concomitant. J^'^jits.

To AP.-^ERTA'IN. v. «. [appat'temr, Fr.]
1. To belong to as of right. Rjhigh,
2. To belong to by nature, Bi.tn.

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APPERTA'INMENT. ʃ. [from appertain.]
That which belongs to any rank or Jig.
nity- '

APPE'RTENANCE. ʃ. [^ipparterance, Fr.]
That which belongs toii.other thing.

APPE'RTINENT. a. [from To appertain.]
Eelinging ; relating. Shakʃpeare.

A'PPETENCE. ʃ. [oppetintia, Lat.] Car.

A'PPETENCY. ʃ. n=l deſire. Milton.

APPETIBI'LITY. ʃ. [from appetihU.] The
quality of being deſirable. Brambat,

A'PPETIELE. a. [appetibrli'. Lat.] Defirable.

A'PPETITE. ʃ. [aipeutw,lai.]
1. The natural delire of good. Hooker.
2. The deſire of ſenſuai pleaſure. Dryden.
3. Violent longing. CLrendon.
4. Keennef? of ſtomach ; hunger. Bacon.

APPEri'TION. ʃ. [ap>pe/iiio, Lat.] Defire. Hammond.

A'PPETITIVE. a. That which deſirps.

To APPLA'UD. v. a. [apph-'do, Lat.]
1. To praiſe by clapping the hand.
2. To praiſe in general. Pope.

APPLA'UDER. ʃ. [from applaud.] He that
praiſes or commends. GitnojiUe.

APPLA'USE. ʃ. [appbuju:, Lat.] Approbation
loudly exprelſed. Dryden.

A'PPLE. ʃ. [aeppel, Saxon.]
1. The fruit of the apple tree. Pope. .
2. The pupil of the eye. Dm:,

A'PPLEWOMAN. ʃ. [from nppb and tvotnan.]
A woman that ſells appics. Arbuthnot.

APPLI'AELE. a. [from «/>/>/>-.] That which
may be applied. South.

APPLI'AKCE. ʃ. [Uora apply.] The ad of
applying ; the thing applied. Shakʃpeare.

APPLICAEI'LITY. ʃ. [from appliculh.]'
The quality of being fit to be applied. Digby.

A'PPLICABLE. a. [from apply.] That
which may be applied. Dryden.

A'PPLICABLENESS. ʃ. [from uppUcahl'.]
Fitneſs to be applied. Boyle.

A'PPLICACLY. ad. [from cpplica'J:.] la.
ſuch manner as that it may be properly

ATPLICATE. ʃ. [from cpp!y.] A right
line drawn acioſs a curve, ſo as to bifedl
t^e dfnneter. Chaml-crs,

APPLICA'TION. ʃ. [from apply.]
1. The a(rt of applying any thing to another.
2. The thing applied.
3. The act of applying to any perſon as
a petitioner. SwiJ'.
4. The employment of any means for a
certain end. Locke.
c. Intenl'eneſs of thought : cloſe ſtudy.

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6. Attention to ſome particular affairyidatjon,

APPLICATIVE. a. [from tf/'/'/y.] That
y\'' which applies. Brambol.

APPUCATORY. ʃ. Th:t which applies.

To A'PPLY. v. a. [applieo, Lat.]
1. To put one thing to another. DrySert.
2. To lay medicaments upon 3v;o»nA. Add.
3. To make uſe of as relative or ſuitable. Dryden.
4. To put to a certain fe. Clarendon.
5. To life as ITieans to an end. Rogers.
6. To fix tJic mind npon ; to ſtudy. Locke.
7. To have recourſe to, as a petitioner. Swift.
8. To endeavour to work upon. Rogers.
9. To ply ; to keep at work. Sidney.

To APPOINT. !>. a. [oppnnter, Fr.]
1. To fix any thing. Galatiant.
2. To ſettle any thing by compact. yudges.
3. To eftablliſh any thing by decree.
ManaJJeh's Prayer.
4. To furpiſh in all points ; to equip. Hayward.

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APPREHENSIBLE. a. [from apprehend.]
That which may be apprehended, or conceived.

APPREHE'NSION. ʃ. [apprehenfo, Lat.]
1. The mere contemplation of things.
1. Opinion ; ſentiment ; concenion. South.
3. The faculty by which we conceive new
ideas. Milton.
4. Fear. Addiʃon.
5. Suſpicion of ſomething. Shakʃpeare.
6. Seizure. Shakʃpeare.

AFPREHE'NSIVE. a. [dom eppreheytd.]
1. Quick to underſtand. South.
2. Fe'arful. Tiltfon.

APPREHE'NSIVELY. ad. [from apprehe
«Jii>e.^ In an appvehenſive manner.

APPREHE'NSIVENESS. ʃ. [from appre.
henjive.] The quahty of being apprehenſive. Holder.

APPRE'NTICE. ʃ. [apprerti, Fr.] One
that is bound by covenant, to fei ve another
man of trade, upon condition that
the tradeſman ſhall, in the mean time,
endeavour to inſtruift him in his art. Dryden.

AFPO'INTER. ʃ. [from appv/ii.] He that

To APPRE'NTICE. v. a. [from the noun.]
ſettles or fixes.

APP'OINTMENT. ʃ. [appo'trtement , Fr.]
1. Stipulation. yob.
2. Decree; eftabliſhment. Hooker.
3. Dired^ion ; order. Shakʃpeare.
4. Equipment ; furniture. Shakʃpeare.
5. An allowance paid to any man.

To APPO'RTION. v. a. [from portio, Lat.]
To ſet out in juſt proportions. Collier.

APPO'RTIONMENT. ʃ. [from apportion.'.
A dividing into portions.

To APPO'SE. v. a. [appor.o, Lat.] To put
queſſions to. Bacon.

A'PPOSITE. a. [appo/itus, Lat.] Proper ; fit ; well adapted. tVotlon. Atterbury.

A'PPOSITELY. ad. [from appoſite.] Properly
; fitly ; ſuitably. South.

A'PPOSITENESS. ʃ. [from appoſite.] Fitneſs
; propriety ; ſuitableneſs. Hale.

APPOSITION. ʃ. [cppof.tio, Lat.]
1. The addition of new matter. Arbuthnot.
2. In grammar, the putting of two nouns
in the ſame cafe.

To APPRA'ISE. 1'. a. [apprecier, Fr.]
To ſet a price upon any thing.

APPRA'ISER. ʃ. [from appraiſe.] A perſon
appointed to ſet a price upon things
to be ſold.

To APPREHE'ND. -y. a. [apprehendo, Lat.]
1. To lay hold on. Taylor.
2. To ſeize, in order for trial or puniſhment. Clarendon.
3. To conceive by the mind. Stillingfleet.
4. To think on with terrour ; to fear. Temple.

APPREHE'NDER. ʃ. [from apprehend.]
Cjnceiver ; think:r. Granville.
To put out to a mafter as an apprentice. Pope.

APPRE'NTICEHOOD. ʃ. [from epprerttice.
l The years of an apprentice's ſervitude.Shakʃpeare.

APPRE'NTICESHIP. ʃ. [from cppnntice.]
The years which an apprentice is ſo paſs
under a mafter. J^'gh-

To APPRI'ZE. v. a. [appris, Fr.] To inform. Cheyne.

To APPRO'ACH. v. V. [,ipprocher, Fr.]
1. To draw near locally. Shakʃpeare.
1. To draw near, as time. Gay.
3. To make a progreſs towards, mentally. Locke.

To APPRO'ACH. v. a. To bring near to. Dryden.

APPRO'ACH. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. The act of drawing near. Denhatn.
2. Acceſs. Bacon.
3. Hoflile advance. Shakʃpeare.
4. Means of advancing. Dryden.

APPROACHER. ʃ. [from . approach.] The
perſon that approaches. Shakʃpeare.

APPRO'ACHMENT. ʃ. [from approach.]
The a<ct of coming near. Brown.

APPROBA'TION. ʃ. [approbatio, Lat.]
1. The act of approving, or expreſſing
himſelf plsafed. Shakʃpeare.
2. The liking of any thing. South.
3. Atteſtation ; ſupport. Shakʃpeare.

APPRG'OF. ʃ. [from approve.] Commendation.Shakʃpeare.

To APPROPrNQUE. v. a. [oppropinquo,
Lat.] To draw near to. Hudibras.

APPROPRIABLE. a. [from approprinte.]
That which may be appropriated. Brown.

To APPROPRIATE. v. a. [appropner,
1. To configa to ſome particular uſe or
perſon. Roſcommon.
2. To claim or exercifean excluſive right. Milton.
3. To make peculiar ; to annex. Locks,
4. In law, to alienate a benefice. Ayliffe.

APPRO'PRIATE. a. [from the verb.] Peculiar
; conſigned to ſome particular. Stillingfleet.

APPROPCTA'TION. ʃ. [from appropriate ;
1. The application of ſomething to a particular
purpoſe. Locke.
2. The claim of any thing as peculiar. Shakʃpeare
3. The fixing a particular ſignification to
a word. Locke.
4. In law, a fevering of a benefice eccleſiaftical
to the proper and perpetual uſe of
ſome religious houſe, or dean, and chapter,
biſhoprick, or college. Cowel.

APPROPRIA'TOR. ʃ. [hem appropriate.]
He that is poſſeſſed of an appropriated benefice,

APPRO'VABLE. That which merits approbation. Brown.

APPRO'VAL. ſ.{hom approve.] Approbation. Temple.

APPRO' VANCE. ſ. [from approve.] Approbation. Thomfon.

To APPROVE. v. a. [approuver, Fr.]
1. To like ; to be pieaied with. Hooker. Davies.
2. To expreſs liking. Locke.
3; To prove ; to ſhow. Milton.
4. To experience. Shakʃpeare.
5. To make worthy of approbation.

APPRO'VEMENT. ʃ. [it om approve.] Approbation
; liking. Hayward.

APPRO'VER. ʃ. [from approve.]
1. He that approves.
2. He that makes trial. Shakʃpeare.
3. In law, one that confLfling, felony of
himſelf, accuſeth another. Qjive.'.

APPRO'XIMATE. a. [nom at^, and proximui,
Lat.] Nenr to. Brown.

APPROXIMATION. ʃ. [froa approximate.]
1. Approach to any thing, Bioii'tt.
2. Continual approach nearer ſtills and
nearer to the quantity fought.

APPU'LSE. ʃ. [^ppu/fus, Lat. The act of
ſtriking againſt any thing. Holder.

A'PRICOT. or APRICOCK. A kind of
wall fruit.

APRIL. ʃ. [Apriſh, Lat. Avril, Fr.] The
fourth month of the year, January counted
firſt. Peacham.

A'PRON. ʃ. A cloth liu.-.g b:fore, to keep

APRON. A piece of lead which covers the
touch-hole of a great gun.

A'PRON-MAN. ʃ. [from apron and man.]
A workman ; an artificer. Shakʃpeare.

APRONED. a. [from apron.] Wearing an
^^Pi-on-Pope. .

A'PSIS. ʃ. apfidn, plural, [a^,.] The
higher apfn is denominated aphelion or
apogee ; the lewer, perihelion, or perigee.

APT. a. [apius, Lat.]
I- Fit. Hooker.
2. Having a tendency to. Hooker.
3. Inclined to; led to. Berkley.
4. Ready ; quick ; as, an apt wit.Shakʃpeare.
5. Qualified for. 2 Kings.

To APT. v. a. [apto, Lat.]
1. To ſuit ; to adapt. Ben Johnſotr.
2. To fit ; to qualify. Denham.

To A'PTATE. v. a. [aptatum, Lat.] To
make fir.

ATTITUDE,/. [French.]
1. Fitneſs. Decay of Pieiy.
2. Tendency. Decay of Piety.
3. Diſpoſition. Locke.

A'PTLY. ad. [from apt.]
1. Properly ; fitly. Blaekmore.
2. Juftly ; pertinently. Addiſon.
3. Readily ; acutely ; as, he learned his
buſineſs very aptl'i.

A'PTNESS. ʃ. Lfrom apt.]
1. Fitneſs ; ſuitableneſs. Norris.
2. Diſpoſition to any thing. Shakʃpeare.
3. Quickneſs of apprehenſion. Bacon.
4. Tendency. Addiſon.

A'PTOTE. ʃ. [of a. and OTIwaaj.] A noun
which is not declined with cafes.
A^i^UA. ſ. [L«in.] Water.

ASlijA FORTIS. [Latin.] A corrofive liquor
made by diſtilling purified nitre with
calcined vitriol, or rectified oil of vitriol
in a ſtrong heat; the liquor, which riſes in
fumes red as blood, being collected, is the
ſprit of nitre or aqua fortu,

AQUA MARINA. This ſtone ſeems to me
to be the beryllus of PIiny. TVczdzvai d.

AQUAITy€. [Latin.] Brandy.

AQUA'TICK. a. [ajuaiicui, Lat.]
1. That which inhabits the water. Ray.
2. That which grows in the water.
Mcr timer,

A'QUATILE. a. [aquatilis, Lat.] - That
which inhabits the water.

A'QUEDUCT. ʃ. [aquaduBui, Lat.] A
c nveyance made fur carrying water. Addi.

A'QUEOUS. a. [from aqua, water, Lat.]
Watery. Ray.

A'QUEOUSNESS. ʃ. [aqunffa^, Lat.] WateiiſhnelV,

A'QUILIKE. a. [aqtaiii.u-, Lat.] Reſembi:
rg an eagle ; when applied to the nofe,
hovked. Dryden.



AQU<TSE. a. [from aqua, Lat.] Watery.

AQUO'SITY. ʃ. [from ^jrao/?.] Waterineſs.
A. R. anno regni ; that is, the year of the

A'RABLE. a. [from aro, Lat.] Fit fur
tillage. Dryden.

ARACiiNOlDES. ʃ. [from a^i-x^n, a ſpider,
and siJo;, form.] One of the tunicks
of the eye, ſo callcil from its refem'olance
to a cobweb. Denham.

ARAIGNEE. ʃ. Atterm in fortification,
a brsnch, return, or gallery of a mine.

ARA'NEOUS. t2,[t'tom(iratiea, Lat. a cob-
:\veb. I Pvcſembling a cobweb, Durban:.

ARA'TION. ʃ. [arado, Lat.] The ad or
practice of plowing. Cotvley.

A'RATORY. ʃ. [from aro, Lat. to plow.]
That which contributes to tillage.

A'RB.^LIST. ʃ. [arcus, and baiijia.] A
croſs-bow. CamdcTi,

A'RBITER. ʃ. [Lat.]
1. A judge r.ppointefl by the parties, to
whoſe determii^ation they voluntarily ſubmit. Bacon.
2. A judge. Temf>le.

A'RBITRABLE. a. [from arhitror, Lat.]
Arbitrary ; depending upon the wili.

ARBITRAMENT. ʃ. [from arbitror, Lat.]
Will ; determination ; choice. Milton.

A'RBITRARILY. ad. [from arbitrary.'.
With no other rule than the will ; deſpoti-
cjUy ; abſolutely. Dryden.

ARBITRA'RIOUS. a. [from arl'itrariut,
Lat.] Arbitrary ; depending on the will. Norris.

ARBITRA'RIOUSLY. ad. [from arbitra.
rious.] According to mere will and pleaſure. Granville.

A'RBITRARY. a. [arbUrarius, Lat.]
1. Deſpotick ; abſolute. Prior.
3. Depending on no rule ; capricious. Brown.

To A'RBITRATE. v. a. [arbitror, Lat.]
1. To decide ; to determine. Shakʃpeare.
2. To jurlgeof. Milton.

To A'RBITR.ATE. v. n. To give judgement. South.

A'RBITRARINESS. ʃ. [from arbitrary.]
Deſpoticalneff. Temple.

ARBITRA'TION. ʃ. [from arbitror, Lat.]
The determination of in cauſe by a judge
mutually agreed on by the parties.

ARBITRA'TOR. ʃ. [from arbitrate.]
1. An extraordinary judge between party
and party, chofen by their mutual conſent. Cowel.
2. A governour ; a preſident. Par, Loſt,
3. He that has the power of ailing by his
own choice. Addiſon.
4. Tho determiner. Shakʃpeare.

ARBITREMENT. ʃ. [from arbitror, Latin.]
1. Dtcliion] ceteiinination. Hayward.

2. Compromife. Bacon.-

A'RBORARY. a. Of or belonging to a
tree. Dryden.

A'RBORET. ʃ. [arbor, Lat. a tree.] A
ſmall tree or ſhiub. Milton.

ARBO'ROUS. a. [arloreus, Lat.] Belonging
to trees. Brown.

A'RBORIST. ʃ. [arborljl;, Fr.] A naturalirt
who makes trees his ſtudy, Howel.

A'RBOROUS. a. [from arbor, Lat.] Belonging
to a tree. Milton.

A'RBOUR. ʃ. [from arbor, Lat. a tree.]
A bower. Dryden.

A'RBUSCLE. ʃ. [arbujcula, Lat.] Any
little ſhrub.

A'RBUTE. ʃ. [arbutus, Lat.] Strawberry
tree. May.

ARC. ʃ. [arcus, Lat.]
1. Aſegments a part of a circle. NciiUn.
2. An arch. Pope. .

ARCA'DE. ʃ. [French.] A continued arch. Pope.

ARCA'NUM. ʃ. in the plura! ITcam. [Latin.]
A ſecret.

ARCH. ʃ. [arcus, Lat.]
1. Part of a circle, not more than the
half. Locke.
2. A building in form of a ſegment of a
circle, uſed for bridges. Dryden.
3. Vault of heaven. Shakʃpeare.
4. A chief. Shakʃpeare.

To ARCH. v. a. [arcuo, Lat.
1. To build arches. Pope. .
2. To cover with arches. lloiuel.

ARCH. a. [from a.^y^'^, chief.]
1. Chief; of the hrft claſs. Shakʃpeare.
2. Waggiſh ; mirthful Swift.

ARCH. chief, of the firſt claſs,

ARCHA'NGEL. ʃ. [archangelus, Lat.] One
of the higheſt order of angel?. Norris.

ARCHA'NGEL. A plant, Dead nettle.

ARCHANGE'LICK. a. [from archangel.]
Belonging to arch -angels. Milton.

ARCHBE'ACON. ʃ. [from arch w<\ beacon.]
The chief place of proſpect, or of ſignal. Carew.

ARCHBI'SHOP. ʃ. [arch and biſhop.] A
biſhop of the firſt: claſs, who ſuperintends
the conduct of other biſhopshis fuffragans.-. Clarendon.

ARCHBI'SHOPRICK. ʃ. [from archbiJ}jop.]
The ſtate or juriſdiction of an archbiſhop. Clarendon.

ARCHCHA'NTER. ʃ. [from arch and
chanter.] The chief chanter.

ARCHDE'ACON. ʃ. [archidiaconus, Lat.]
O.To that ſupplies the biſhop's place and
office, Ayltffe.

A.RCHDE'ACONRY. ſ. [archidiaconatus,
Lat.] The office or junfditlion of an arch--
deacon. Carenv.

ARCHDE'ACONSHIP. ʃ. [from ſtr.'WM«r.]
The office of an archdeacon.


ARCHDU'KE. ʃ. [a,chldux, Lat.] A title
given to princes, of Auſtria and Tufcany.

ARCHDU'CHESS. ʃ. [from arch and Jacliffs.]
The fjfier or daughter of the
archduke of Auſtria.

ARCHPHILO'SOPHER. ʃ. [from arc/ ;
and phr/ofopher.'^ Chief philofopher. Hook.

ARCHPRE'LATE. ʃ. [arch and prelaie.]
Chief prelate. Hooker.

A'RCHPRE'SBYTER. [arch and p>-eſhyter.]
Chief preityter. ^y#.

ARCHAIC'LOGY. [«>x^r^ ^^ >^6yo;.]
A diſcourſe on antiquity.

ARCHAIOLO'GICK. a. from[archa!o!ogy.]
Relating to a diſcourſe on antiquity.

A'RCHAISM. [oj^ZiSwiiJ -^^ ancient
phraſe. TFatti.

A'RCHED. parti, a. [To arch.] Bent in
the form of an arch. Shakʃpeare.

A'RCHER. [archer, Fr. from tfrraj/ Lat. a
bow.] He that rtioots with a bow. Prior.

A'RCHERY. ʃ. [from archer.]
1. The uſe of the bow. Catr.dcK.
2. The act of ſhooting with the bow.Shakʃpeare.
3. The art of an archer. CISjhaio.

A'RCHES-COURT. ʃ. [from archei and
court.] The chief and moll ancient confi/
lory that belongs to the archbiſhop of
Canterbury, for the debating ſpiritual cauſes,
fo called from Bow-church in London,
where it is kept, whoſe top is raiſed of
ſtone pillars, built arch-wife. Co'well.

A'RCHETYPE. ʃ. [archetypum, La.] The
original of which any reſemblaace is made. Watts.

ARCHE'TYPAL. a. [archetypus, Lat.] Original. Norris.

ARCUE'US. ʃ. [from d^x^.] A power
that preſides over the animal ceconomy.

ARCHIDIA'CONAL. a. [from archidiaionus.'
; Belonging to an archdeacon.

ARCHIEPI'SCOPAL. a. [from ^rchiepifco.
pus, Lat.] Belonging to an archbiſhop.

A'RCHITECT. ʃ. [architcHus, Lat.]
1. A prefeffor of the art of building. Wotton.
1. A builder. Milton.
-;. The contriver of any thing. Shakſp.

ARCHITE'CTIVE. a. [from archit.&.]
That performs the work of architecture.

ARCHITECTONICK. a. [from d.-^'^,
chief, and tsktojv.] That which has the
power or ſkill of an architect. Boyle.

ARCHITE'CTURE. ʃ. [architiBura, Lat.]
1. The art or ſcience of building. Blackm.
2. The effect or performance of the ſcience
of building. Burnet.

A'RCHITRAVE. ʃ. [from a^;^^, chief, and
trabi^ Lat.] Thit part of a column, which
- k«s i.TiITKdiatsIy upon the capital, ^ni is
A Pv E
the lowed member of the entablahire,

A'RCHIVES. ʃ. without a firgular. [JTaJ:
I'a, Lat.] The places where recoids or
ancient writings are kept. Woodward.

A'RCHWISE. a. [a,ch and w./<.] In the
form of an arch. M'ffe

ARCTATION. ʃ. [from arct,.-\ Confinement.

A'RCTICK. ʃ. [from «,^x7o;.] Northern. Philips.

ARCUATE. ad. [areuatus, Lat.] Bent ,n
the form of an arch. Bacon.

ARCUA'TION. ʃ. [from arcuate.]
t. The act of bending any tiling ; incurvation.
2. The ſtate of being bent ; curvity, or
3. [In gardening.] The method of railing
by layers ſuch trees as cannot be raiſed
Irom feed, bending down to the ground the
branches which ſpring from the offsets.

ARCUBA'LISTER. ʃ. [from arcs, a bow,
and ba'iftj.] A croCsbow man. Cair.den,

ARD. Signifies natural diſpoſition ; ia,Goddard.
is a divine. Camden.

A'RDENCY. ʃ. [from ard.nt.] Ardour ;
^eagerneſs. Boyle.

A'RDENT. a. [ardefi!.] Lat. burning.]
1. Hot ; burning; flery. Newton.
2. Fierce ; vehement. Dryden.
3. Paſſionate ; affeſtionate. Prior.

A'RDENTLY. ad. [from ardent.] Eagerly ;
affechonately. Sprat

A'RDOUR. ʃ. [a.rf^r, Lat. heat.]
r. Heat.
2. Heat of affesflion, as love, deſire, conv
r-^ge. South.
3. The perſon ardent or bright. Milton.

ARDU'ITY. y. [from arduom.] Height .
difficulty. £>/(:?.

A'RDUOUS. a. [ardum, Lat.]
1. Lofty ; hard to climb. Pope. .
2. Difficult. ^ou:b

A'RDUOUSNESS. ʃ. [from arduous.]
Height ; difficulty.

ARE. The plural of the preſent terſe of
the verb to be.

A'REA. ʃ. [Latin.]
1. The ſurface contained between any lines
or boundaries. Watts.
2. Any open ſurface. H'otttr.

To ARE' AD. To advifc; to direct. Par. LcjL

AREFA'CTION. ʃ. [arefacio, Lat. to dry.]
The ſtate of growing dry ; the act of dry -
ing. Bacon.

To AREFY. v. a. [arefacio, Lat. to dry.]
To dry. Bacon.

ARENA'CEOUS. a. [arena, Lat. ſand ;
S.ndy. Woodward.

ARENO'.SE. a. [from arena, Lat.] Sandy,

ARE'NULOUS. a. [from , aronuta, Lat,
Ijnd.] Fuji of firail fa.ad ; gravelly.


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AREO'TTCK. a. [afaiori^a.] Sucli msdicines
as open the pores.

AT.GENT. a. [from argemurn, Lat. ſilver.]
1. Having the white colour uſed in the
coats of gentlemen.
2. Silver ; bright like ſilver.

A'RGIL. ʃ. [argiUa, Lat.] Potters clay.

ARGILLA'CEOUS.tf. [from <3.;f;7.]Clayey ; coriſiſting of argil, or potter's clay.

ARGILLOUS. o. [from argil.'[Conſiſting
of clay ; clayiſh ; Brown.

A'RGOSY. [from Argo, the name of Jafon's
ſhip.] A large veſſel for merchandife
; a carrack. Shakʃpeare.

To A'RGUE. v. a. [arguo, Lat.]
1. To reaſon ; to offer realons. Locke.
2. To perfuade by argument. Congre-ue.
3. To diſputo Locke.

To A'RGUE. v. a.
2. To prove any thing by argument. Donne.
2. To debate any queſtion.
3. To prove, as an argument.
Par. Locke. Newton.
4. To charge with, as a crime. Dryden.

A'RGUER. ʃ. [from argue.] A reaſoner ; a diſputer. Decay of Piety.

A'RGUMENT. ʃ. [argumentum, Lat.]
1. A reaſon alleged for or againſt any
thing. Locke.
2. The ſubject of any diſcourſe or writing. Milton. Sprat.
3. The contents of any work fummed up
by way of abſtractt. Dryden.
4. Controverſy. Locke.

ARGUME'NTAL. ʃ. [from argument,'] Belonging
to argument. Pope. .

ARGUMENTATION. f. [from argument.]
Reafoning ; the act of reaſoning.

ARGUME'NTATIVE. a. [from argument.]
Conſiſting of argument ; containing argument. Atterbury.

ARGUTE. a. [arguto, Ital. argutut, Lat.]
1. Subtile ; witty ; ſharp.
2. Shrill.

A'RID. a. [aridus, Lat. dry.] Dry ; parched
up. Arbuthnot.

ARI'DITY. ʃ. [from arid.]
1. Dryneſs ; ficcity. Arbuthnot.
2. A kind of inſenſibility in devotion. Norris.

A'RIES. ʃ. [Lat.] The ram ; one of the
twelve ſigns of the zodiack. Thomfon.

To ARI'ETATE. v. a. [aneto, Lat.] To
butt like a ram. To ſtnke in imitation
of the blows which rams give with their

ARIETA'TION. ʃ. [from arietate.]
1. The act of butting like a ram,
2. The act of battering with an engine
tailed a ram. Bacon.
3. The act of ſtriking, or conflicting in
general. Chnville,

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ARWr-TA. ſ. [Ital. in muſick.] A llioit
air, ſong, or tune.

ARI'GHT. ad. [from a and right,
1. Rightly ; without errour. Dryden.
2. Rightly ; without crime. Pſalm.
3. Rightly; without failing of the end designed. Dryden.

ARIOLA'TIGN. [larioJus, Lat.] Soothf'lying-. Bacon.

To ARI'SE. v. n. pret arofe, parti, arifen.
1. To mount upward as the fun. Dryden.
2. To get up as from ſleep, or from reſt. Proverbs.
3. To come into view, as from obſcurity.
4. To revive from death. Iſaiah.
5. To proceed, or have its original. Z)/-^</.
6. To enter upon a new ſtation. Cowley.
7. To commence hoſtility. i Samuel.

ARISTO'CRACY. ʃ. [i^i^-o; K^alioo.]
That form of government which places the
fupreme power in the nobles. Swift.

ARISTOCRATICAL. a. [from arijlocracy.]
Relating to ariſtocracy. Ayliffe.

ARISTOCRA'TICALNESS. ʃ. [from arijlocratical.]
An arillocratical ſtate.

ARI'THMANCY. ʃ. [a^i.V=?,and^avl£ia.]
A foretelling future events by number.s.

ARITHME'TICAL. a. [from arithmelick.]
According to the rules or method of arith.
metick. Newton.

ARITHMETICALLY. ad. [from arithmetical.
In an arithmetical manner. Arbuthnot.

ARITHMETI'CIAN. ʃ. [from aritkmetich]
A mafter of the art of numbers. Addiʃon.

ARITHMETICK. ʃ. [a^iV? and ix{[^i^.]
The ſcience of numbers ; the art of computation. Taylor.

ARK. ʃ. [arca^ Lat. a cheſt.]
I- A veſſel to ſwi.m upon the water, uſually
applied to that in which Noah was preſerved
from the univerſal deluge. Milton.
2. The repoficory of the covenant of God
with the Jews.

ARM. ʃ. [ejpm, erjim, Sax.]
1. The limb which reaches from the hand
to the ſhoulder. Dryden.
2. The large bough of a tree. Sidney.
3. An inlet of water from the fea. Norm.
4. Power ; might. As the ſecular arm.Shakʃpeare.

ARM'S END. A due diſtancee. A phraſe
taken from boxing. Sidney.

To ARM. v. a. [a mo, Lat.]
1. To furniſh with armour of defence, or
weapons of offence. Pope. .
2. To plate with any thing that may add
ſtrength. Shakʃpeare.
3. To fuiniſh ; to fit up. Walton.

To ARM. i>. n.
1. To take arms. Shakʃpeare.a.
To provide againſt. Spenſer.-

ARMA'DA. f. [Span. aHeetof war.] An
armament for fea. Fairfax.

ARMADI'LLO. ʃ. [Spaniſh.] A four-footed
animal of Brafil, as big as a cat, with
a fnout like a hog, a tail like a lizard,
and feet like a hedge-hog. He is armed
all over with hard ſcales like armour.

A'RMAMENT. ʃ. [amumentum, Lat.] A
naval force.

A'RMATURE. ʃ. [armatura, Lat.] Armour. Ray.

ARMED. C!:jir.
f. [from armed ind chair'.]
An elbow chair.

ARME'NIAN Boli. ſ. A fatty medicinal
kind of earth.

ARMENIAN. Siorf, f, A mineral ſtone or
earth of a blue colour, ſpotted with green,
black and yellow.

ARME'NTAL. ʃ. Belonging to a drove or

A'RMENTINE. ʃ. herd of cattle,

A'RMGAUNT. a. [from arm and gau>,t.]
Slender as the ariri. Shakʃpeare.

ARM-HOLE. ʃ. [from arm and bok.] The
cavity under the ſhoulder. Bacon.

ARMl'GEROUlJ. a. [from armiger, Lat.]
Bear. lie arms.

A'RMILLARY. a. [from armilla.] Reſembling
a bracelet.

A'RMILLA TED. a. [armillatus, Lat, ]
Wearing bracelets. Dtfi.

A'RMINGS. ʃ. [In a ſhip.] The ſame with

ARMI'POTENCE. [from arma and potentia, Lat.] Power
in war.

ARMI'POTENT. a. [armipotens, Lat.] Poweful in arms ; mighty
in war. Dryden.

A'RM'ISTICE. ʃ. [armiſtitium, Lat.] A
ſhort truce.

A'RMLET. ʃ. [from arm.]
1. A little arm.
2. A piece of armour for the arm.
3. A bracelet for tha arm. Donne.

ARMONI'ACK. ʃ. [erroneouſly ſo written
for ammoniack.]

A'RMORER. ʃ. [armorier, Fr.]
1. He that makes armour, or weapons. Pope.
2. He that dreſſes another in armour.Shakʃpeare.

ARMO'RLAL. a. [arworial, Fr.] Belonging
to the arms or efcutcheon of a family.

A'RMORY. ʃ. [from armow .]
1. The place in which arms are repoſiteJ
for uſe. South.
1. Armour; arms of defence. Tar. Loft.
3. Enſigns armorial. Fairy Slueen.

A'RMOUR. ʃ. [arn:aturay Lat.] Defenlive
arms. South.

A'RMOUR BEARER. ʃ. [from rtrmoar and
bear.] He th:.t carries the armour of
another. Dryden.

A'RMPIT. ʃ. [from arm and ;.;;.] The
hgllow place uiidtt the ſhoulder. Swift.

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ARM.S. ʃ. tuithout the ſingular number,
[arm 7, Lat.]
1. Weapons of offence, or armour of defence. Pott,
2. A ſtate of hodility. Shakʃpeare.
3. War in general. Dryden.
4. Aiſtion; the act of taking arms. M/fop.
5. The enſigns armorial of a family.

A'RMY. ʃ. [arTre'e, Fr.]
^i. A collection of armed men, obliged to
'obey one man. Locke.
1. A great number. Shakʃpeare.

AROMA'TICAL. a. [from aromatick.] Spicy
; fragrant. Bacon.

AROMA'TICK.!, [from aroma, Lat.ſpice.]
1. Spicy. Dryden.
2. Fragrant ; ſhon ; ſcented. Pope. .

AROMA'TICKS. ʃ. Spices. Raleigh.

AROMATIZA'TION. ʃ. [from arcmaiixe,\
The mingling of aromatick ſpices.

To ARO'MATIZE. v. a. [from anma, Lat.
1. To ſcent with ſpices ; to Impregnate
with ſpices. Bacon.
2. To ſcent ; to perfume. Brown.

ARO'SE. The preterite of the verb arife,

ARO'UND. ad. [from a and round.]
1. In a circle. Dryden.
2. On every ſide.

AROUND. frep. About. Dryden.

To ARO'USE. v. a. [from a and rouje.]
1. To wake from ſleep.
2. To raiſe up ; to excite. Thomfon.

ARO'W. ad. [from .'i and row.] In a row. Sidney. Dryden.

ARO'YNT. Be gone ; away. Shakʃpeare.

A'RQUEBUSE. ʃ. A hand gun. Bacon.

A'RQUEBUSIER. ʃ. [from arquebuſe.] A
ibldier armed with an arquebuic. Knolles.

ARRACK. A ſpirit procured by diſtillation
from a vegetable juice called toddy, which
flows by inciſionout of the cocoa-nut tree,

A'RRACK. One of the quickeſt plants both
in coming up and running to feed. Mortimer.-

To ARRAIGN. 'j. a. [nrrarger, Fr. to
ſet in order.]
1. To ſet a- thing in order, in its place,
A prilbner is ſaid to.be arraigned, when he
is brought forth to bis trial, Coii-et.
2. To accure ; to charge with faults in
general, as in conctoverſy, or in fatire,

ARRA'IGNMENT. ſ.]Jtom arraign.] The
act of arraigning ; a charge. Dryden.

To ARRANGE. v. a. [arranger, Fr.] To
put in the proper order for any purpol'e.
Fairy iQu^fff.

ARRA'NCEMENT. ʃ. [from arrange.]
The act of putting in proper order ; the
Hate of being put in order. Cheyne.

A'RRANT. a. From errant. Bad in a high
degree. Dryden.

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A'RRANTLY. a. [from arrant.] Corruptly
; ſhamefully. L'Eſtrange.

A'RRAS. ʃ. [from Arras, a town in Attois ]
Tapeſtry. Denham.

ARRA'UGHT. Seized by violence.
Fairy Sween.

ARRA'Y. ʃ. [arroy, Fr.]
1. Dreſs. Dryden.
3. Order of battle.
3. In law. The ranking or fetting.

To ARRAY. v. a. [arrcyer, old Fr.]
1. To put in order.
2. To deck ; to dreſs. Dryden.

ARRA'YERS. ʃ. [from army.] Officrs
who anciently had the care of feeing che
ſoldiers duly appointed in their armour.

ARREAR. a. [arriere, Fr. behind.] Behind.

ARRE'AR. ʃ. That which remains behind
unpaid, though due. Locke.

ARRE'ARAGE. The remainder of an account,

ARRENTA'TION. ʃ. [from arrendar,
Span, to farm.] The hcenfing an owner
of lands in the toreſt, to incloſe.

ARREPTI'TIOUS. a. [arreſtui, Lat.]
1. Snatched away.
2. Crept in privily,

ARRE'ST. ʃ. [from arrefler, Fr-. to flop ]
1. In law. A flop or flay. An arrefl is
a reſtraint of a man's perſon. Cowel.
2. Any caption. Taylor.

To ARRE'ST. v. a. [arrefier, Fr.]
1. To ſeize by a mandate from a court.Shakʃpeare.
2. To ſeize any thing by law. Shakʃpeare.
3. To feiza ; to lay hands on. i>ou!l>.
4. To with-hold ; to hinder. Davies.
5. To fi;op motion. Boyle.

ARRE'ST. A mangey humour between the
ham and the paſtein of the hinder legs of
ahorſe. .

To ARRI'DE. v. a. [arndeo, Lat.]
1. To laugh at.
2. To ſmile ; to look pleaſantly upon one.

ARRIERE-. ʃ. [French.] The hft body of
an army. Haywod.

ARRI'iION. ʃ. [arrifm, Lat.] A Imiling
I n' r

ARRi'VAL. f- [from ſtr;7w.] Theattof
coming to any place ; the attainment^ of
any purpol M^alle:

ARRI'YANCE. ʃ. [from flww. I
t.ompaov coming. Shakſp.

To ARRIVE. i<. n. [arrivrr, Fr.]
1. To come to any place by water.
2. To reach any place by travdlirg. Sidney.
3. To reach any point. ^'^^''
4. ') o gain any thing. Addiſon.
e. To happen. Waller.

To ARRO'DE. j, a, [arredo. Lat.] To
gnaw or nibble. ^'^'


A'RROGANCE. ʃ. [arregarti'a, Lat.]

A'RROGANCY. ʃ. The act or quality of
taking much upon one's felf. Dryden.

A'RROGANT. a. [arrogans, Lat.] Haughty
; proud. Temple.

A'RROGANTLY. a. [from arrogant.]
In an irroefint manner. Dryden.

A'RROGANTNESS. ʃ. [from arrogant..

To ARROGATE. v. a. [arrogn, Lat.] To
claim vainly ; to exhibit unjuſt claims. Raleigh.

ARROGA'TION. ʃ. [from arrogate.] A
clain 'iig in a proud manner.

ARRO'SION. ſ. [from arofus, Lat.] A

ARRO'W. ʃ. [sp-pe, Sax.] The pointed
weapon which is ſhot from a bow. Hayward.

A'RROWHEAD. j. [from arrow and head.
; A water plant.

A'RROWY. a. [from arrow.] Conſiſting
of arrows. Par. Loft,

ARSE. ʃ. [eaj-ri, Sax.] The buttocks.
To hang an ARbE. To be tardy, fluggiſh.

ARSEFOOT. ʃ. A kind of water fowl.


A'RSENAL. ʃ. [arfenale, Ital.] A repofitary
of things requiſite to war ; a magazine. Addiʃon.

ARSE'NICAL. a. [from arfen\d.] Containing
arfenick. Woodward.

A'RSENICK. ʃ. [aoa-hf/.oi.] A ponderous
miner;)! f';hiiance, volatile and uninflammable,
which gives a whireneſs to metals
in fuſion, and proves a violent corrofive
poiſon. Woodward.

ART. ʃ. [arte, Fr. ars, Lat.]
1. The power of doing Something not
taught by nature and inſtinct. Pope.
2. A ſcience ; as, the iibeiai ar.'j. Ben. Johnſon.
3. A trnde. Boyle.
4. Artfulneſs ; ſkill ; dexterity. Shakſp.
5. Cunning.
6. Speculation. Shakʃpeare.

ARTE'RIAL. d. [from artery.] That
which relates to the artery ; that which is
contained in the arterv. BIuckmore.

ARTERIO'TOMY. f.' [from a^VcU, and
rsf^rVixj, to cut.] The operation of letting
blood from the artery,

A'RTERY. ʃ. [arterux, Lat.] An artery ia
a canical cinal, conveying the blood from
the heart to all parts of the body. SQuincy.

A'RTFUL. a. [from art mofull.]
1. Performed with art. Dryden.
2. Artificial ; not natural.
3. Cunning; ſkilful ; dexterous. Pope. .

A'RTFULLY. ad. [from artful.] With
art ; ſkilfully. Rogeru

A'RTFULNESS. ʃ. [from artful.]
1. Skill. Cheyne.
1. Cunning.

1. Gouty ; relating to the gout. Arbuth.
7. Relating to joints. Brown.

ARTHRITIS. ʃ. [a^^-YTif] The gout.

A'RTICHOKE. ʃ. [artichault, Fr.] This
plant is 9ery like the thiſtle, but hath
large ſcaly heads ſhaped like the cone of
the pine tree, Millar.

A'RTICK. a. [It ſhould be written ara,ck.'[
Northern. Dryden.

A'RTICLE. ʃ. [artkulas, Lat ]
1. A part of ſpeeth, as the, an.
2. A ſingle clauſe of an account ; a particular
part of any complex thing. Milton.
3. Term ; ſtipulation. Shakʃpeare.
4. Point of time ; exact time. Clarendon.

To A'RTICLE. v. n. [from the noun article.]
To ſtipulate ; to make terms. Donne.

To ARTICLE. v. a. To draw up in particular
articles. Taylor.

ARTI'CULAR. a. [articularis, Lat. belonging
to the joints.]

ARTI'CULATE. a. [from artkulus, Lat.]
1. Diftina. Milton.
2. Branched out into articles. Bacon.

To ARTI'CULATE. v. a. [from ariiJe..
1. To form words ; to ſpeak as a man. Glanville.
2. To draw up in articles. Shake]peare.
3. To make terms. Shakʃpeare.

ARTI'CULATELY. ad. [from art-.culate.]
In an articuhte voice. Decay of Piety.

ARTICULATENESS. ʃ. [from a'tuulate..
The quality of being articulate.

ARTICULA'TION. ʃ. [from articu'atel
1. The junfture, or joint of bones. Ray.
2. The act of forming words. Holder.
3. [In botany.] The joints in plants.

A'RTIFICE. ʃ. [artifcium, Lat.]
1. Trick ; fraud ; ſtratagem. South.
2. Art ; trade.

ARTI'FICER. ʃ. [attlfcx, Lat.]
1. An artiſt ; a manufacturer. Sidney.
2. A forger ; a contriver. Par. Loſt.
3. A dexterous or artful fellow. Ben. Johnſ.

ARTIFI'CIAL. a. [artiJici.L] Fr.]
1. Made by art ; not natural. Wilkins.
2. Fictitious ; not genuine. Shakſp.
3. Artful ; contrived with ſkill. Tfniſhe,

ARTIFI'CIALLY. ad. [from artificial.]
1. Artfully ; with ſkill ; with good contrivance. Ray.
2. By art ; not naturally. Addiſon.

ARTIFI'CIALNEESS. ʃ. [from artificial]

ARTI'LLERY. ʃ. [i has no plural, [artillerie, Fr.]
1. Weapons of war. Bible.
2. Cannon ; great ordnance, Denhatn,

ARTISA'N. ʃ. [French.
1. Artift ; profeffor of an art. Wotton.
:a s b
4.' Manufacturer ; low tradeſman. Addiſon.

A'RTIST. ʃ. [.atifie, Fr.]
1. The profeſſor of an art. Newton.
2. A ſkilful man ; not a novice. Locke.

A'RTLESSLY. ad. [from art/eſs.] In an artleſs
manner ; naturally ; fincereiy. Pope. .

A'RTLESS. a. [from art and leſs.]
1. Unſkilful. Dryden.
2. Without fraud ; as, an jrf/<f/i maid.
3. Contrived without ſkill ; as, zaartleſs

To A'RTUATE. v. [artuatus, Lat.] To tenr limb from limb.

ARUNDINA'CIOUS. a. [arundinaceut,
Lat.] Of or like reeds.

ARUNDI'NEOUS. a. [arundineus, Lat.]
Abounding with reeds; As. cotijuniJ. [a/i, Teut.]
1. In the ſame manner with ſomething
elſe. Shakʃpeare.
2. In the manner that. Dryden.
3. That ; in a conſequential ſenſe.
4. In the ſtate of another. a. Philips.
5. Under a particular conſideration. Gay.
6. Like; of the ſame kind with. Watts.
7. In the ſame degree with. Blackmorem
8. As if ; in the ſame manner. Dryden.
9. According to what. i Cor.
10. As it were ; in ſome fort. Bacon.
11. While; at the ſame time that. Addiʃon.
Ii. Becauſe. Taylor.
13. As being. Bacon.
14. Equally. Dryden.
15. How; in what manner. Boyle.
16. With ; anſwering to like or ſame.Shakʃpeare.
l-j. In a reciprocal ſenſe, anſwering toar. Berkley.
18. Gning before m, in a comparative
fenſe ; the firli as being ſometimes underſtood.
Bright (7; the lun. Crarmlle.
19. AnCivering to j'uih. TiHotfotu
20. Having /:- to anſwer it ; in the conditional
ftnlc. Locke.
21. Anſweringto/» conditionally. Dryd.^r.
22. In a fenl'e a compariſon, foilosved by
fo. Pope. .
23. As FOR ; with reſpect to. Dryden.
24. As TO ; with refueft to. Swift.
2^. As WELL A3 ; equally with. Locke.
26. As THOUGH ; as if. Shakſp.

A'SSA FOETIDA. f A gum or refn brought
from the Eaſt Indies, of a ſharp tiRe, and
a ſtrong offeuſive ſmtU,

ASARABA'CCA. ʃ. [afarum, Lat.] Tae
name of a plant. Millar.

ASBE'STINE. a. [from afbefios.] Something

ASBE'STOS. ʃ. [air/3£«-©^-]- A fort of native
fofiile ſtor.e, which may be ſpht inro
threap and filaments, from one inch to

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


ten inches in length, very fine, brittle,
yet ſomewhat tradable. It is endued with
the wonderful property of remaining unconfumed
in the fire, which only whitens it.

ASCA'RIDES. f. [aVxajioE.-, from aVxa
to leap.] Little worms in the redum.

To ASCE'ND. To n. [aſcenio, Lat, ;
1. To mount upwards. Milton.
2. To proceed from one degree of knowledge
to another. Watts.
3. To ſtand higher in genealogy. Broome.

To ASCEND. v. a. To climb up any thing. Davies.

ASCENDANT. ʃ. [from ajcend.]
1. The part of the ecliptick at any particular
time above the horjzon, which is
ſuppoſed by aſtrologeri to have great influence,
2. Height ; elevation. I'cmplc
3. Superiority ; influence. Clarendon.
4. One of the degrees of kindred reckoned
upwards. Ayliffe.

1. Superiour ; predominant; overpowering. South.
2. In an aſtrological ſenſe, above the horizon. Brown.

ASCE'NDENCY. ʃ. [from ajcend.] Influence
; power. Watts.

ASCENSION. ʃ. [ciſcenfio, Lat.]
1. The act of aſcending or riſing.
2. The viſible elevation of our Saviour to
3. The thing riſing, or mounting. Brown.

ASCE'NSION DAY. The day on which
the aſcenſion of our Saviour is commemorated,
commonly called Holy Thuriday ; the Thurfday but one before Whitfuntide.

ASCE'NSIVE. a. [from d/««(/.] In a ſtate
of akent. Brown.

ASCE'NT. ʃ. [aſcenfus, Lat.]
1. Rife ; the act of riſing. Milton.
2. The way by which oneaſcends. Bacon.
3. An eminence, or high place. Addiſon.

To ASCERTA'IN. v. a. [acertener, Fr]
1. To make certain ; to fix ; to eftabliſh. Locke.
1. To make confident. Hammond.

ASCERTA'INER. ʃ. [ixc^maUertain.] The
perſon that proves or eftabltihes.

ASCERTAINMENT. ʃ. [from ajcertain.]
A ſettled rule. Swift.

ASCE'TICK. a. [«Vxrn.:(oc.] Employed
wholly inexercifes of devotion and mortification. South.

ASCE'TICK. ʃ. He that retires to devotion ; a hermit. Norrh.

A'SCII. f. It haino Jingular. [a. and rxia.]
Thoſe people who, at certain Cimes of the

year, have no ſhadow at noon ; ſuch are
the inhabitants of the torrid zone.

ASCITES. ʃ. [from aVx;)?, a bladder.] A
particular ſpecies of dropfy ; a ſwelling of
the lower belly and depending parts, from
an extravafation of water.

ASCI'TICAL.7a. [from fl/o>«.] Dropff-

ASCI'TICK. ʃ. cal ; hydropical.

ASCiri'i lOUS. a. [afcititius, Lat.] Supplemental
; additional. Pope.

ASCRI'BABLE. a. [from a/a/ie.] ThsJ
which may beafctibed. Boyle.

To ASCRIBE. v. a. [dſcribo, Lat.]
1. To attribute to as a cauſe. Dryden.
2. To attribute to as a poſſeflbr. Tilktfon.

ASCRI'PTION. ʃ. [ajcnptio, Lat.] The
act of aſcribing. Di5}.

ASCRIPTI'TIOUS. a. [aſcriptkius, Lat.]
That which is aſcribed,

ASH. ʃ. [fraxinus, Lat. xfc. Saxon.] A
tree. Dryden.

ASHCOLOURED. a. [from ajh and colour.]
Coloured between brown and grey.

ASHA'MED. a. [from pame.] Touched
with ſhame. Taylor.

A'SHEN. a. [from aJh.] Made of aſh
wood. Dryden.

A'SHES. ʃ. wants the jinguhr, [sj-ca. Sax.]
1. The remains of any thing burnt.
2. The remains of the body. Pope.

ASHWEDNESDAY. ʃ. The firſt day of
Lent, ſo called from the ancient cuſtom cf
ſprinkling aſhes on the head.

A'SHLAR. ʃ. [with mafons.] Free Hones
as they come out of the quarry.

A'SHLERING. ʃ. [with builders.] Quar.
tering in garrets. Builder,

ASHO'RE. ad. [from a and /bore.]
1. On ſhore ; on the land. Raleigh.
2. To the ſhore ; to the land. Milton.

A'SHWEED. ʃ. [from ap and weed.] An

A'SHY. a. [from ajb.] Afli coloured ; pale;
inclining to a whitiſh grey. Shakſp.

ASI'DE. ad. [from a and Jtde.]
1. To one ſide. Dryden.
2. To another parti Bacon.
3. From the company. Mark.

A'SINARY. a. [ajinanus, Lat. Belonging
to an afs.

A'SININE. a. [from aſmui, Lat.] Belonging
to an afs. Milton.

To ASK. v. a. [aprian, Saxon.]
1. To petition ; to beg. Sioifc,
2. To demand ; to claim. Dryden.
3. To enquire; toqueſſion. Jeremiah.
4. To require. Addiʃon.

ASKAUN. Milton.



ASKA'UNT. a/i. Obliquely; on one ſide,

A'SKER. ʃ. [from j/.]
1. Petitioner. South.
2. Enquiier. Digby.

A'SKER. ʃ. A water newt.

ASKE'W. ad. [from a and j^cw.] Aſide ; with contempt ; contemptuouſly. Prior.

To ASLA'KE. v. a. [from a and faL-, or
fi^ck.] To remit ; to llacken. Spenſer.

ASLA'NT. ^id. [from a and fiant.] Obliquely
on one fiJe. Dryden.

ASLEEP. ad. [from a indp,p.]
1. Sleeping ; at reſt. Dryden.
2. To deep. Milton.

ASLO'PE. ad. [from a and flo{>s.] With
declivity ; objrquely. Hudibras.

ASP. or As PICK. ʃ. A kind of ſerpent,
whoſe poiſon is ib dangerous and quick
in its operation, that it kills without a
poſſibility of applying any remedy. Thofe
that are bitten by it, die by deep and lethargy. Milton.

ASP. ʃ. A tree,

1. A plant railed the roſe of Jerufalem.
2. The wood of a pnckly tree, heavy,
oleaginous, fomcwhat diarp and bitter to
the tarte, and anciently in much repute
as an a(>ringent, but now little uſed.

A'SPA'RAGUS. ʃ.. The name of a plant,

ASPECT. ʃ. [Jjpcaus, Lat.]
1. L 'ok ; air ; appearance. Burnet.
2. Counrenance ; look. Pope. .
3. Glance ; view; act of beholding. Milton.
4. Direction towards any point ; poſition. Swift.
5. Diſpr.ſition of any thing to ſomething
elſe ; relation. Locke.
6. Diſpoſition of a planet to other plants. Berkley.

To ASPE'CT. v. a. [aJpiJo, Latin.] To
behold. Temple.

ASPE'CTABLE. a. [a-peFJabiſh, Latin.]
Viſible. Ray.

ASPECTION. ʃ. [from aſpcB.'^ Beholding
; view. Bacon.

A'SPEN. ʃ. [e^r^, Saxon.] The leaves of
this tree always tremble. Spenſer.

ASPEN. . l^from nſp ox ajpen.l
1. Belonging to the aſp tree. Gay.
2. Mjde of aſpen wood.

A'SPER. a. [Lat;] Fvoujh ; rugged, ^afow.

To ASPERATE. v. a. [^perc, Lat.] To
make rough. Boyle.

ASPERA'TION. ſ. [from aſperate.] A
making roueh.

ASPERIFOLIOUS. a. [a^per T and folium,
Lat.] Plants, ſo cillfd from 'fce rough.
neſs of their leaves.

ASPE'RITY. ʃ. [aſperitas, Lat.]
1. IJnevenneſs; roughneſsof ſurface. JPcy/^i
2. Roughneſs of found.
3. Roughneſs, or ruggedneſs of temper. Rogers.

ASPERNA'TION. ʃ. [aſpernatie, Latin.]
Negleft ; diſregard. DiB.

A'SPEROUS. a. [a/per, Latin.] Rougl. ;
uneven. Boyle.

To ASPE'RSE. v. a. [aſpergo, Lat.] To
beſpatter with cenſureor calumny. Swift.

ASPE'RSION. ʃ. [aſperfio, Lat.]
1. A ſprinkling. Shakʃpeare.
2. Calumny ; cenſure. Dryden.

ASPHA'LTICK. a. [from aſpkaltot.] Gummy
; bituminous. Milton.

ASPHALTOS. ʃ. [aV.j)aXTof, bitumen.]
A ſolid, brittle, black, bituminous, inflammable
ſubſtance, reſembling pitch, and
chiefly found ſwimming on the ſurface of
the Lacui A'phaltites, or Dead fea, where
anciently flood the cities of Sodom and

ASPHALtUM. ʃ. [Latin.] A bituminous
flone found near the ancient Babylon.

A'SPHODEL. ʃ. [aſphoddus, Latin.] Daylilly. Pope.

A'SPICK. ʃ. [See Asp.] The name of a
ſerpent. Addiſon.

To ASPIRATE. v. a. [oſpiro. Lat.] To
pronounce wrth full breath ; as, horſe, bo^.

To ASPIRATE. v. «. [aſpiro, Lat.] To
be pronounced with full breath. Dryden.

ASPIRATE. a. [aſpiratus, Latin.] Pronounced
with full breath. Holder.

ASPIRA'TION. ʃ. [aſpiraiio, Lat.]
1. A breathing after ; an ardent wiſh.
2. The act of aſpiring, or deſiring ſomething
high. Shakʃpeare.
3. 'Jhe pronounciation of a vowel with
full breath. Holder.

To ASPI RE. v. r. [aſpiro, Lat.]
1. To deſire witheagerneſs ; to pant after
ſomething higher. Sidney. Davies.
2. To riſe higher. Waller.

ASPORTA'TION. ʃ. [aſportatio, Latin.]
A carrying away. Dili.

ASQU'INT. ad. [from tf and /^w«r.] Obliquely
; not in the ſtrant line of viſion. Swift.

ASS. ʃ. [afinut, Lat.]
1. An animal of burden. Shakʃpeare.
2. A ſtupid, heavy, dull fellow; a dole. Shakʃpeare.c.

To ASSA'IL. v. a. [afailler, Fr.]
1. To attack in a hoſtile manner; to affault ; to fall upon. Spenʃ.r.
2. To attack with argument, or cenſure.

ASSAI LABLE. ^.[from afai!.] That which
may be attatkec}. Shakʃpeare.-


ASSA'ILANT. ʃ. [aJfjiUatit, Fr.] He that
attacks. Hayward.

ASSA'ILANT. a. Attacking ; invading. Milton.

ASSA'ILER. ʃ. [from ajail.] One who attacks
another. Swift.

ASSAPA'NICK. ʃ. The flying ſquirrd.'

ASSA'RT. ʃ. [ejart, Fr.] An offence committed
in the foreſts by plucking up woods
by the roots, Cowdl,

ASSA'SSIN. ʃ. [aff:,Jw, Fr.] A

ASSA'SSINATE. ʃ. murderer ; one that kills
by ſudden violence. Pope. .

ASSA'SINATE. ʃ. [from affaffin.] The
crime of an alTaflin ; murder. Fafe.

To ASSA'SSINATE. v. a. [from afajii.]
3. To murder by violence. Dryden.
Si To way-lay ; to take by treachery. Milton.

ASSASSINATION. f. [from aJTaffir.a'e.]
The act of alTaflinating. Clarendon.

ASSASSINA'TOR. ʃ. [from affaſſinau.]
Murderer ; mankiller.

ASSA'TION. ʃ. [affatuiy roaſted, Lat.]
\ Roaſting. Eronvn.

ASSA'ULT. ʃ. [aJifauU, French.]
1. Storm ; oppoled x.o jap orfiege. Bacon.
2. Violence. Spenſer.
3. Invafion ; hoſtility; s.nzck. Clarendon.
4. In law. A violent kind of injury offered
to a man's perſon. Cowell.

To ASSA'ULT. v. a. [from the noun]
To attack ; to invade. Dryden.

ASSA'ULTER. ʃ. [from aJJ'uult.] One who
violently alTaulti another. Sidney.

ASSA'Y. ʃ. [effayey Fr.]
1. Examination. Shakſp.ari,
2. In law. The examination of mealures
and weights uſed by the clerk of the market.
3. The firſt entrance upon any thing. Spenſer.
4. Attack ; trouble. Spenſer.

To ASSA'Y. :.'. a. [cffayer, Fr.]
; , To make trial of. Haytoard.
a. To apply to, as the touchſtone in affaying
metals. Milton.
3. To try i
to endeavour. Samuel.

ASSA'YER. ʃ. [from '>py'\ An officer of
the mint, for the due trial of ſilver. Cowell,

ASSECTA'TION. ʃ. [aje^aiio, Lat.] Attendance.

ASSECUTION. ʃ. [from affequor, afecutum,
to obtain.] Acquirement. /lyliffe.

ASSE'MBLAGE. ʃ. [aJI'emblage, Fr.] A
collection; a number of individuals brought
together. Locke.

To ASSE'MBLE. v. a. [aJſembJer, Fr.] To
bring together into one place. Shakſp.

To ASSE'MBLE. ʃ. ff. To meet together.

ASSE'MBLY. ʃ. [nJſembW,, Fr.] A company
met together. Shakeʃ.peard

ASSE'N. r. ſ. [^J^nfus, Lat.]
1. The act of agreeing to any thing. Locke.
2. Conſent ; agreement. Hooker.

To ASSE'NT. To n. [ajintire, Lat.] To
concede ; to yield to. y?ffi.

ASSENTA'TION. ʃ. [a/Jentario, Latin.]
Compliance with the opinion of another
oat of flattery. D:ff,

ASSE'NTMENT. ʃ. [(lomajenr.] C^nfent. Brown.

To ASSE RT. v. a. [nffero, Lat.]
1. Tomainiain; to defend either by words
or actions. Dryden.
2. To affirm.
3. To claim ; to vindicate a title to. Dryden.

ASSE'RTION. ʃ. [from afert.] The act
of afl'erting. Brown.

ASSE'RTIVE. a. [from affert.] Pofitue ; dogmatical. Granville.

ASSE'RTOR. ʃ. [from afſcrt.] Maintainer ;
vindicator ; affirmer. Prior.

To ASSE'RVE. v. a. [affervio, Lat.] To
ſerve, help, or ſecond. Ditl.

To ASSE'SS. v. a. [from aſſeſtarc, Ital.]
To charge with any certain fum. Bacon.

ASSE'SSIION. ʃ. [aJJ'.-Jio, Lat.] A fitting
down by one. DiB,

ASSE'SSMENT. ʃ. [from to afeſs.]
1. The fum levied on certain property.
2. The act of aſſeſſing. Howel.

ASSE'SSOR. ʃ. [aſſeſfor, Lat.]
1. The perſon that fits by the judge. Dryden.
2. He that fits by another as next in dignity. Milton.
3. He that lays taxes ; from aſſeſi.

A'SSETS. ſ.jjithout theſingular . [d/c«, Fr.]
Goods ſuſſicient to diſcharge that burden>
which is caſt upon the executor or heir.

To ASSE'VER. ʃ. v. a. To affirm with

To ASSE'VER ATE. ʃ. great ſolemnity, as
upon oath.

ASSEVERATION. ʃ. [from afverare.]
Solemn affirmation, as upon oath. Hooker.

A'SSHEAID. ʃ. [from afs and head.] A
blockhead. Shakʃpeare.

ASSIDU'ITY. ʃ. [affftduite, Fr.] Diligence. Rogers.

ASSI'DUOUS. a. ['^JJidous, Lat.] ConlJant
in application. Prior.

ASSIDUOUSLY. (Jr/. [dom affiduou:.] Diligently
; continually. Berkley.

ASSIENTO. ʃ. [In Spaniſh. a contract or
bargain.] A contratl or convention between
the king of Spain and other powers,
for furnithing the Spaniſh dominions ia
AtRsiica with ſlaves,


To ASSI'GN. v. a. [aſſigner, Fr.]
1. To mark out ; to appoint. Addiſon.
2. To fix with regard to quantity or value. Locke.
3. In law. To appoint a deputy, or make
over a right to another. Coiosll.

ASSIGNABLE. a. [from aj[iyn.] That
which may be marked out, or fixed. South.

ASSIGNA'TION. ʃ. [aſſignat-.o, Lat.]
1. An appointment to meet ; uſed generally
of love appointments. ^wji,
1. A making over a thing to amther.

ASSIGNEE'. ʃ. [a£:gr.c, Fr.] He that is
appointed or deputed by another, to do
any aft, or perform any buſineſs, or enjoy
any commodity. C;wf//.

ASSI'GNER. ʃ. [from aſſign.] He that appoints. Decay of Piety.

ASSI'GNMENT. ʃ. [from affgn.] Appoint,
ment of one thing with regard to another
thing or perſon. Locke.

ASSI'MILABLE. a. [from aſſimilate.] That
which may be converted to the ſame nature
with ſomething elſe. Brown.

To ASSI'MILATE. v. a. [affmik, Lat.]
1. To convert to the ſame nature with
another thing. Nsicton.
2. To bring to a likeneſs, or reſemblance. Swift.

ASSI'MILATENESS. ʃ. [from ajimi/atc]
Likeneſs. Dia.

ASSI'MILA'TIOUS. ʃ. [from aff.mllate.]
1. The act of converting any thing to the
nature or ſubſtance of another. Bacon.
2. The ſtate of being allimilated. Brown.
3. The act of growing like ſome other
being, Dccj\' of Piety.

To ASSIST. v. a. [offijicr, Fr. Sſſiſh, Lat.]
To help. Rotnani.

ASSISTANCE. ʃ. [aſſiſtance, Fr.] Help ; furtherance. Stillingfleet.

ASSISTANT. a. [from ajnji.] Helping; lending aid. Hale.

ASSISTANT. ʃ. [from o/zTy?.] A perſon
engaged in an affair not as piincipal, but
as auxiliary or minſteriai. Bacon.

ASSIZE. ʃ. I'jnje, a fitting, Fr.]
1. An aſſembly of knights and other ſubſlantial
men, with the bailiff or juſtice,
in a certain place, and at a certain time.
2. A jury.
3. An ordinance or flatute.
4. The court where the writs are taken.
Coli I 11.
5. Any court of j'uſtice. Dryden.
6. AJfi'x-'- of bread, meaſure or quantity.
7. Meafure ; rate. Spenſer.

To ASSIZE. ij. a. [from the noun.] To
fix the rate of any thing.

ASSIZER. ʃ. [from aj/ize.] An officer
that has the care of weights and meaſures.

ASSO'CIABLE. a. [affniabiUs, Lat.] That
which may be joined to another.

To ASSO'CIATE. v. a. [offocier, Fr.]
1. To unite with another as a confederate.Shakʃpeare.
2. To adopt as a friend upon equal terms. Dryden.
3. To accompany. Shakʃpeare.

ASSOCIATE. a. [from the verb.] Confederate. Milton.

ASSOCIATE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. A partner. Sidney.
2. A confederate. Hooker.
3. A com pinion. Wotton.

ASSOC!A'TION. ʃ. [i'ce^m. afTodate..
1. Union ; corjunction ; fociety. Hooker.
2. Confederacy. Hooker.
3. Partnerſhip. Boyle.
4. Connedtion. TVaits,
5. Appoſition ; union of mstter. A'(7f/o«,

A'SSONANCE. ʃ. [ulfonauce, Fr.] Reference
of one found to another reſembling
it. Dia.

A'SSONANT. a. [aſſonant, Fr.] Reſembling
another found. Diii,

To ASSORT. v. a. [affertir, Fr.] To
range in clafTes.

To ASSO'RT. v. a. [from /or ; affoter, Fr.]
To infatuate. Spenſer.

To ASSUA'GE. v. a. [rps-j-, Saxon.]
1. To mitigate; to ſoften. Addiſon.
1. To appeaſe ; to pacify. Clarendon.
3. To eaſe.

To ASSUAGE. v. a. To abate. Geneſis.

ASSUAGEMENT. f. [from ajuage.] What
mitigates or ſoftens. iSpenſer.

ASSUA'GER. ʃ. [from ajuage.] One who
pacifies or appeaſes.

ASSUA'SIVE. a. [from aſſuage.] Softening
; mitigating. Pofj.

To ASSU'BJUGATE. v. a. [ſubjugo, Lat.]
To ſubject to. Shakʃpeare.

ASSUEI-A'CTION. ʃ. [affucfazio, Latin.]
The ſtate of being accuſtomed. Brown.

ASSU'ETUDE. ʃ. [affuetudo, Latin.] Accuifomance
; tuſtom. Bacon.

To ASSUME. v. a. [affumo, Lat.]
1. To take. Pope. .
2. To take upon one's felf. Dryden.
3. To arrogate ; to claim or ſeize unjuiUy. Collier.
4. To iuppoſe ſomething without proof. Boyle.
5. To appropriate. Clarendon.

ASSU'MEK. ʃ. [from tiffume.] An arrogant
man. South.

ASSU'MING. particip. a. [from a£umt.]
Arrogant ; haughty. Dryden.

ASSUMPSIT. ʃ. [affumo, Lat.] A voluntary
promife made by word, wlicreby a
man taketh upon him to perform or pay
any thin-: to another, Cowell,


ASSU'MPTION. ʃ. [affupiptio, Lat.]
1. The act of taking any thing to one's
felf. Hammir.cl,
2. The ſuppoſition of any thing without
farther proof. Norm,
3. The thing ſuppoſed ; a poſtulate. Uryi/,
4. The taking up any perſon into heaven. Stillingfleet.

ASSU'MPTIVE. a. [ciffun.ptivus, Latin.]
That may be afiumed.

ASSU'RANCE. ʃ. [affurance, Fr.]
1. Certain expectation. 'Tiltoifon.
2. Secure confidence ; truſt. !sperj\r.
3. /Freedom from doubt ; certain knowledge. South.
4. Firmneſs ; undoubting fleadineſs./?p^t''^J.
5. Conſidence ; want of mcdefty. Sidney.
6. Ground of confidence ; lecurity given.
7. Spirit ; intrepidity. Dryden.
S. Sanguinity ; readineſs to hope. Hamm.
9. Teftimony of credit. Tillorfoa,
10. Conviction. Ttllotj'or.
11. Irrfarjv:s,

To ASSU'RE. v. a. [afeurer, Fr.]
1. To give confidence by a firm promife.
2. To fecure another. Rogers.
3. To make confident ; to exempt from
doubt or fear. Milton.
4. To make fecure. Spenſer.
5. To affiance ; to betroth. Shakʃpeare.

ASSURED. partiap. a. [from oJ[ure.]
1. Certain ; indubitable. Bacon.
2. Certain ; not doubting. Shakʃpeare.
3. Immodeft ; viciouſly confident.

ASSUREDLY. aJ, [from J/u,ed.] Certainly
; indubitably. South.

ASSUREDNESS. ʃ. [from ajured.] The
ſtate of being afl'ured ; certainty.

ASSU'RER. ʃ. [from afux.]
1. He that gives affurance.
2. He that gives fecurity to make good
any loſs.

A'STERISK. ʃ. A mark in printing; as,..

A'STERISM. ʃ. [ajlcnjmus, Lat.] A conſtellation. Berkley.

A'STHMA. ʃ. [aVS-,'xa.] A frequent, difficult,
and ſhort reſperation, joined with
a hlfling found and a cough. Floyer.

ASTHMA'TICAL. v. a. [from afthma.]

ASTHMATICK. ʃ. Troubled with an
afthma. Floyer.

ASTE'RN. ad. [from a and ſterr,.] In the
hinder part of the ſhip ; behind the ſhip. Dryden.

To ASTE'RT. v. a. To terrin ; to itartle
; to fright. Spenſer.

ASTO'NIED. part, a, A Word uſed for
alloniſhoed. Ijatah.

To ASTO'NISH. v. a. [cjionner, Fr.] To

confound with fear or wonder ; to amaze. Addiʃon.

ASTO'NISHLVGNESS. ʃ. [from ajioniſh.]
Quality to excite aſtoniſhment.

ASTO'NISHMENT. ʃ. [cjionnement, Fr.]
Amazement ; confuſion of mind. South.

To ASTO'UND. v. a. [ejionner, Fr.] To
afloniſh; to cuniound with fear or wonder. Milton.

ASTRA'DDLE. ad. [from a and ſtraddle.]
With one's legs acroſs any thing. D'lf.

ASTRAGAL. ʃ. [«rpa^aX(^.] A little
round member, in the form of a ring, at
the tops and bottoms of columns. Sp.'f?.

ASTRAL. a. [(mm ajirum, Lat.] Starry;
relating to the ſtars. Dryden;.

ASTRA'V. m1. [from a and /ray.] Out of
the right way. Milton.

To ASTRI'CT. v. a. [apitigo. Lat.] To
contxadf by applications. Arbuthnot.

ASTRI'CTION. ʃ. [afiriaio, Lat.] The
act or power of contracting the parts of
the body. Bacon.

ASTRI'cnVE. a. [from aJiriB.] Stiptick-

ASTRrCTORY. a. [ajlriaorius, Latin.]

ASTRIDE. tfa. [from j and/r/</^.] With
the legs open. Boyle.

ASTRI'FEROUS. a. [afirifer, Lat.] Bearing,
or having ſtars. i).<^.

To ASTRI'NGE. v. a. [afiringo, Latin.]
To preſs by contraction ; to make the
parts draw together. Bacon.

ASTRI'NGENCY. ʃ. [from j/r/W.] The
power of contracting the parts of the
body. Bacon.

ASTRI'NGENT. a. [aſtringem^ L.uin.]
Binding ; contracting. Bacon.

ASTRO'GRAI'HY. ʃ. [from aV^ovand j,pa-
<})i!.] The ſcience of defrribing the liars.

ASTROLABE. ʃ. [l-^.x^Zi-^, of oV^'f
and XaSiv, to take, ; An inſtrument
chiefly uſed forUking the altitude of the
pole, the fun ^H|rs, dt fea.

ASTRO'LOGER. ʃ. [afiro/ogusiLn.] One
that, luppofing the infiuencelpi the ſtars
to have a cauſal power, profeſſes to foretel
or diſcover events. <i':vifr.

ASTROLOCL'^N. ʃ. [from q/lragy.]
yjlirologer. Hudibras.

ASTROLO'CICAL. v. a. [from aJi,»iogy.]

ASTROLO'CICK. ʃ. Relating to aſtr. logy; prof filing altfology. Milton.

ASTROLO'GICALLY. ad. [from ajhc
/otrj.] in an aſtrological manner.

To ASTRO'LOGIZE. v. a. [from ape-
/o?_j'.] To practiſe aſtrolygy.

ASTK0'LO(}Y. ʃ. [cjirohgia, Lat.] The
practice of foretelling things by the knowledge
gf the ilars. Swift.



ASTRO'NOMER. ʃ. [from aVjov and v:-
/u.®-.] He that fludies the celeftial motions. Locke.

ASTRONO'MICAL. v. a. [from aſtrono-

ASTRONO'MICK. [my.] Belonging to
aſtronomy. Brown.

ASTRON'O'MICALLY. a. [from ajironomical..
In an agronomical manner.

ASTRO'NOMY. ʃ. [arf^vo^'.] A mixed
mathematical ſcience teaching the know-
Isidge of the celeftial bodies, their magnitudes,
motions, distances, periods, t-clipfes,
and order. Co'zulcy.

ASTRO-THEOLOGY. ʃ. [ajlrum and th,ologia.]
Divinity founded on the obſervation
of the celeftial bodies, Dsrham.

ASU'NDER. ad. [ap-in't>rian. Sax.] Apart; ſeparately ; not together. Davies.

ASY'LUM. ʃ. [as-yAov.] A fanctuary ; a
refuge. Ayltffe,

ASY'MMETRY. ʃ. [from aa-y/z.^wElj/a.]
Contrariety to ſymmetry ; dilproportion.

A'SYMPTOTE. ʃ. [from a^vnUce.] Jſymplotes
are right lines, which approach nearer
and nearer to ſome curve ; but which
would never meet. Grew.

ASYNDETON. ʃ. [x'wh%v.] A figure in
grammar, when a conjunction copulative
is omitted.

AT. prſp. [iet, Saxon.]
1. At before a place, notes the nearneſs
of the place ; as, a man is at the houſe
before he is in it. Stillingfleet.
2. At before a word ſignifying time, notes
the coexiſtence of the time with the event. Swift.
3. At before a cauſal word ſignifies nearly
the ſame as luith. Dryden.
4. At before a ſuperlative adjective implies
in the ſlate, as at mofl, in the ſtate
of moſt perfection, iSfc. South.
5. At ſignines the particular condition of
the perſon ; a$, at peace. Swift.
6. At Ibmetimes n^^^ employment or
attentioiu Pope. .
7. At flj^etimes the ſame vi'nh furni^ed
luith, after the French a ; as, a man at
arms. Shakʃpeare.
8. At ſometimes notes the place where
any thing is. Pope. .
9. At ſometimes ſignifies in conſequence
of. Hale.
10. At marks ſometimes the effect proceeding
from an act. Dryden.
11. At ſometimes is nearly the ſame as
in, noting ſituation. Swift.
12. At ſometimes marks the occaſion,
like on. Dryden.
13. At ſometimes ſeems to ſignify in the
power of, or obedient to. Dryden.
14. At ſometimes ngtes the rektion of a
aj4n to an action. Collier.

Johnson's Dictionary 1756 @ whichenglish.com


from vexaity.
15. /?/ ſometimes imports the manner of
an action. Dryden.
16. At ct\t2.v\% ſometimes application to. Pope.
17. At all. In any manner. Pope.

A' FABAL. ſ. A kind of tabour uſed by the
Moors. Dryden.

ATARA'XIA. ʃ. Exemption fr

A'TAR'AXY. ʃ. t'on; fanq^'ll'V

ATE. The preterite of eat. St^uio,

A'lHaNOR. f, A digeſting furnace to
keep heat for ſome time.

ATHEISM. ʃ. [from atheij}.] The diſhelief
of a God, TIiJorj'on.

A'THEIST. ſ. [a&£3;.] One that Vnies
the exiſtence of God. Berkley.

ATHEIST. a. Atheiftical ; denying God.

ATHEI'STICAL.'d. [from atheift.] Given
to 3theifm ; impious. South.

ATHEI'STICALLY. ad. [from atheiſhca!.]
In an atheiftical manner. South.

ATHEI'STICALNESS. ʃ. [from atheifaca!.'.
The .quality of being atheiftical. Hammond.

ATHEISTICK. a. [from afbeij}.] Given
to atheifm. Ray.

A'THEOUS. a. [a^j©-.] Atheiſtick ; godleſs. Milton.

{dc^uit^^i.] A ſpecies of
wen. Sharp.

ATHERO'MATOUS. a. [from atheroma..
Having the qualities of an atheroma, or
curdy wen. Wiſeman.

ATHI'RST. ad. [from a and thir/i.] Thirſty
; in want of drink. Dryden.

ATHLE'TICK. a. [from athleta.]
1. Belonging to wreſtling.
^. Strong of body ; vigorous ; luſty ; robuft. Dryden.

ATHWA'RT. ʃ.>'-'/>. [from a and thiuart.l
1. Acroſs ; tranſverſe to any thing. Z?<zfOK.
2. Through. Addiſon.

1. In a manner vexatious and perplexing.Shakʃpeare.
2. Wrong. Shakʃpeare.

ATi'LT. ad. [from a and tilt.]
1. With the action of a man making a
thruſt. Hudibras.
2. In the poſture of a barrel raiſed or
tilted behind. Spetlator,

1. A collection of maps,
2. A large ſquare folio.
3. Sometimes, the ſupporter of a building.
4. A rich kind of ſilk.

A'TMOSPHERE. ʃ. [ar/^©- and r-^a:';'^.]
The air that encompaſſes the ſolid earth
on all ſides. Locke.

ATMOSPHERICAL. a. [from atmoſptere.]
Belonging to the atmoſphere. Boyle.

A'TOM. ʃ. [atomis, Lat.]
1. Such a /mall particle as cannot be phyſically
fiiv!tled. Riiy.
2. Any thing extremely ſmall. Shal:eff>,

ATO'MICAL. a. [from atom.]
1. Conſiſting of atoms. Brown.
2. Rriating to atoms. Berkley.

A'TOMIST. ʃ. [from atom.] One that
h 'Ids the ctomual philofuphy. Locke.

A'TOMY. ʃ. An atom. Shakʃpeare.

To ATONE. v. n. [to be at one.]
; To agree ; to accord. Shakʃpeare.
1. To ſtand as an equivalent for ſomething. Locke.

To A'TO'NE. n). a. To expiate. Pope. .

ATONEMENT. ʃ. [from atone]
1. Agreement ; concord. Shakʃpeare.
7. Expiation ; expiatory equivalent. Swift.

ATOP. ad. [from a and tcp ] On the top ;
at fl-.e top. Milton.

ATRABILA'RIAN. a. [from atra bdh.]
Melancholy. Arbuthnot.

ATRABILA'RIOUS. a. Melancholick.

ATRABILA'RIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from atrabilarion%.]
The ſtate of being melancholy.

ATRAME'NTAL. a. [from atramentum,
ink, Lat.] Inky ; black. Bictvt:,

ATRAMENTOUS. a. [from atramonum,
ink, Lat.] Inky ; black. Brown.

ATROCIOUS. a. [atrox, Lat.] Wicked
in a high degree ; enormous. Ayliffe.

ATRO'CIOUSLY. ad. [from atrocious.] In
an atrociuS manner.

ATROCIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from atrocicuu]
The quality of being enormouſly criminal.

ATROCITY. ſ. [atrodtai, Lat.] Horrible

A'TROPHY. ʃ. [ir^r^<^)a.] Want of nouriſhme.
it ; a diſeaſe. Milton.

To ATTA'CH. v. a. [attacher, Fr.]
1. To arreſt ; to take or apprehend. Co-rfi?/.
2. To ſeize. Shakʃpeare.
3. To lay hold on. Shakʃpeare.
4. To win ; to gain over ; to enamour.
Alt It01.
5. To fi/ to one's intereſt. Rogers.

ATTA'CHMENT. ʃ. [attachement, Fr.]
Aciherer.of ; -.egard. Addiſon.

To ATTA'CK. 1'. a. [at'.aquer, Fr.]
1. To afliult an enemy, Fbtlips,
2. To impi'gn in any manner.

ATTA'CK. o [from the verb.] Ar aflault. Pope.

ATTA'CKER. ſ. [from attack.] The perſon
that attacks.

To ATTAIN. v. a. [atteindre, Fr.]
1. To gain ; to procure. Thomſon.
2. To overtake. Bacon.
3. To come to. Milton.
4. To leach ; to equal. Bacon.

To ATTA'IN. v. n.
1. To come to a certain ſtate. Arbuthnot.
2. To arrive at.

ATTAIN. ʃ. [from the verb.] Th. thing
attained. Glanville.

ATTAINABLE. a- [from attain.] That
which may be attained ; procurable.

ATTA'INABLENESS. ʃ. [from attainable.]
The quality of being attainable. Cheyne.

ATTA'INDER. ʃ. [from to attaint.]
1. The act of attainting in law. Bacon.
2. Taint. Shakʃpeare.

ATTA'INMENT. ʃ. [from attain.]
1. That which is attained ; acquiſition.
2. The act or power of attaining. Hooker.

To ATTA'INT. v. a. [attenter, Fr.]
1. To attaint is particularly uſed for ſuch
as are found guilty of ſome crime or offence.
A man is attainted two ways, by
appearance, or by proceſs. Spenſer.
2. To taint ; to corrupt. Shakʃpeare.

ATTA'INT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Any thing injurious, as illneſs, wearineſs.Shakʃpeare.
2. Stain ; ſpot ; taint. Shakʃpeare.

ATTA'INTURE. ʃ. [from attaint.] Reproach
; imputation. Shakʃpeare.

To ATTAMINATE. v. a. [at'tanuno,
Lat.] To corrupt.

To ATTEMPER. v. a. [attempero, Lat.]
1. To mingle ; to weaken by the mixture
of ſomething elſe. Bacon.
2. To regulate ; to ſoften. Bacon.
3. To mix in juſt proportions. Spenſer.
4. To fit to ſomething elſe. Pope. .

To ATTE'MPERATE. v. a. [^attempero,
Lat.] To proportion to ſomething. Hamm.

To ATTE'MPT. v. a. [attenter, Fr.]
1. To attack ; to venture upon. Milton.
2. To try ; to endeavour. Maccabees,

ATTE'MPT. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. An attack. Bacon.
2. An eflay ; an endeavour. Dryden.

ATTE'MPTABLE. a. [from attempt.
Liable to attempts or attacks. Shakesp.

ATTE'MPTER. ʃ. [from attempt.]
1. The perſon that attempts. Milton.
2. An endeavourer. Granville.

To ATTE'ND. v. a. [attendee. Fr.]
1. To regard ; to fix the mind upon. Shak.
2. To wait on. Shakʃpeare.
3. To accompany as an enemy. Clarenden.
4. To be preſent with, upon a ſummons. Clarendon.
5. To be appendant to. Arbuthnot.
6. To wait on, as on a charge. Spenſer.
7. To be conſequent to. Clarenden.
8. To remain to; to await. Locke.
9. To wait for infidiouſly. Shakʃpeare.
10. To be bent upon any object. Dryden.
11. To ſtay for. Dryden.

To ATTE'ND. v. tt.
1. To yield attention. Taylor.
2. To

ft. To (iiy ; to delay. D^tvitt,

ATTE'NDANCE. ʃ. [attendance, Fr.]
1. The act of waiting on another. Shak.
2. Service. Shakʃpeare.
3. The perſons waiting ; a train. Milton.
4. Attention ; regard. Timothy.
5. Expectation. Hooker.

ATTE'NDANT. a. [attendant, Fr.] Accompanying
35 ſubordinace. Milton.

1. One that attends. Shakʃpeare.
2. One that belongs to the train. Dryden.
3. One that waits as a ſuitor or agent. Burnet.
4. One that is preſent at any thing. S'zu'/i.
q. A concomitant ; a conſequent. J^Vatti.

ATTE'NDER. ʃ. [from attend.] Companion
; aflbciate. Ben. Johnson.

ATTE'NT. a. [attentus, Latin.] Intent ]
attentive. Chronicles. Taylor.

ATTENTATES. ʃ. [attentata, Lat.] Proceedings
in a court after an inhibition is
decreed. Jlyhffe.

ATTENTION. ʃ. [attention. Ft.] The
act of attending or heeding. Locke.

ATTE'NTIVE. a. [from attent.] Heedful
; regardful. Hooker.

ATTE'NTIVELY. ad. [from attentive.]
Heedfully ; carefully. Bacon.

ATTE'NTIVENESS. ʃ. [from attentive.]
Heedfulneſs ; attention. Shakʃpeare.

ATTE'NUANT. .. [attenuans, Latin.]
What has the power of making thin, or
flender. Newton.

ATTE'NUATE. a. [from the verb.] Made
thin, or flender, B.uon.

ATTENUA'TION. ʃ. [from atienuat.-.]
The act of making any thing thin or
flender. Bacon.

A'TTER. ʃ. [ateji, Saxon.] Corrupt. Skinn.

To ATTE'ST. v. a. [att.ſtor, Lat.]
1. To bear witneſs of ; to witneſs. Addiſ.
2. To call to witneſs. Dryden.

ATTE'ST. ʃ. [from the verb.] Ttftimowy
; atteſtation. Milton.

ATTESTA'TION. ʃ. [from attejl.] Teftimony
; evidence. WoodiL^ard.

ATTI'GUOUS. a. [attigous, Lat.] Hard

To ATTI'NGE. v. a. [attingo, Lat.] To
touch lightly.

To ATTI'RE. v. d. [attirer, Fr.] To
drefb ; to habit ; to array. Spenſer.

ATTI'RE. ʃ. [from the verb.]
1. Clothes ; dreſs. Davia.
2. In hunting. The horns of a buck or
3. In botany. The flower of a plant is
divided into three parts, the empalement,
the foliation, and the attire.

ATTIRER. ʃ. [fioti attire.] One ſhi! atlirti
scc'hir ; s dtelTer,



ATTITUDE. ʃ. [attitude, Fr.] The poſture
or action in which a ſtatue or painted
figure is placed. Prior.

ATTO'LLENT. a. [attoVem, Lat.] That
which rail'es or lifts up. Denham.

ATTORNEY. ʃ. [attomatus, low Lat.]
1. Such a perſon as by conſent, commandment,
or requeſt, takes heed, fees, ard
takes upon him the charge of other men's
buſineſs, in their abſence,
2. Attorneyi in common law, are nearly
the ſame with proſtors in the civil law,
and ſolicitors in courts of equity. Shakſp.
3. It was anciently uſed for thoſe who aid
any buſineſs for another. Shakʃpeare.

To ATTORNEY. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To perform by proxy. Shakʃpeare.
2. To emoloy as a proxy. Shakʃpeare.

ATTO'RNEYSHIP. ʃ. [from attorney.]
The office of an attorney. Shakʃpeare.

ATTO'URNMENT. ʃ. [attournement, Fr.]
An yielding of the tenant to a new lord. Cowell,

To ATTRA'CT. v. a. [attraho, attraaum,
1. To draw to ſomething. Brown.
2. To ailuie ; to invite. Milton.

ATTRA'CT. ʃ. [from to attract.] Attraction
; the power of drawing. Hudibras.

ATTRA'CTICAL. a. [from attract.] Hav-
ing the power to draw. Ray.

ATTRA'CTION. ʃ. [from attract.]
1. The power of drawing any thing. Bacon. Newton.
2. The power of alluring or enticing.Shakʃpeare.

ATTRA'CTIVE. a. [from attract.]
1. Having the power to draw any thing. Blackmore.
2. Inviting; alluring; enticing. Milton.

ATTRA'CTIVE. ſ. [from attraB.] That
which draws or incites. South.

ATTRA'CTIVELY. ad. [{rom attraBive.]
With the power of attracting.

ATTRA'CTIVENESS. ʃ. [from attractive.]
The quality of being attractive.

ATTRA'CTOR. ʃ. [from attraa.] The
agent that attracts. Brown.

A'TTRAHENT. ʃ. [attrahens, Lat.] That
which draws. Glanville.

ATTRACTA'TION. ʃ. [attruBatio, Lat.]
Frequent handling. Dia.

ATTRIBUTABLE. a. [attribuo, Latin.]
That which may be afcnbed or attributed. Hale.

To ATTRI'BUTE. v. a. [attribuo, Lat.]
1. To aſcribe ; to yield. Tilloifan,
2. To impute, as to a cauſe, Newton,

A'TTRIBUTE. ʃ. [from to aUrihute.]
1. The thing attributed iQinQXhti. Raleigh.
2. Quality ; adherent. Bacon.

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5. A thing belonging to another : an ^'ppend.'
int. Addiſon.
4. Reputation ; honour. Shakʃpeare.

ATTRIBU'TION. ʃ. [from to attribute.]
Commendation. Shakʃpeare.

ATTR'ITE. a. [attiUus^ Lat.] Ground ; worn by nibbini;. Milton.

ATTRITENESS.. ʃ. [from attrite ] The
being mvich worn.

AITRITION. ʃ. [cUtrhlo. L«.]


A'UCTIONIER. ʃ. [from auFtlon.] Tke
perſon that manages an au6lion.

A'UCTIVE. a. [from auRut, Lat.] Of an
increaſing quality,

AUCUPA'TION. ʃ. [aucupatio, Latin.]
Fowling; bird-catching.

AUDA'CIOUS. a. [audacicux, Fr.] Bold ; impudent. Dryden.

AUDA'CIOUSLY. ad. [from audanoui.]
Boldly ; impudently. Shakʃpeare.
The ad; of wearing things by rubbing. AUDA'CIOUSNESS. ſ. [from audacious,'. Woodward. Impudence.
Grief fisr fin, ariſing only from the AUDA'CITY. ſ. [from audax, Lat.] Spifear
of puniſhment ; the loweſt degree of

To ATTU'NE. v. a. [from tuve.]
1. To make any thing muſicai. Milt:
2. To tune one thing to another.

ATWE'EN. ad. or p
rit Tatkr.
; boldneff.

A'UDIBLE. a. [audihllis, Lat.]
1. That which may be perceived by hearing. Grew.
2. Loud enough to be heard. Bacon.
Bawixt ; be-

A'UDIBLENESS. ſ. [from audible.] Ca-. Spenſer. pableneſs of being heard.
In the middle of two A'UDIBLY. ad. [from audible.] In ſuch a
manner as to be heard. Milton.

A'UDIENCE. ʃ. [audience, Fr.]
1. The act of hearing. Milton.
2. The liberty of ſpeaking granted ; a
hearing. Hooker.
3. An auditory ; perſons collefled to hear. Atterbury.
4. The reception of any man who delivers
a ſolemn meffage. Dryden.

A'UDIENCE Court. A court belonging 60
the archbiſhop of Canterbury, of equal
authority with the arches court.

A'UDIT. ʃ. [from audit, he hears, Latin.]
A final account. Shakʃpeare.

To A'UDIT. v. a. [from audit.] To take
an account finally. Arbuthnot.

ATWI'XT. pr-p
things. Spenſer.

To AVA'IL. :;. a. [from Tahir, Fr.]
1. To profit ; to turn to profit. Dryden.
2. To promote ; to preſpea ; to aſſiſt. Pope. .

AVA'IL. ʃ. [from to avail.] Profit ; advantage
; benefit. Locke.

AVAILABLE. a. [from avail]
1. Profitable ; advantageous. Hooker.
2. Powerful ; having force, Arterbury.

AVA'ILABLENESS. ʃ. [from avail.] Power
of promoting the end for which it is uſei. Hale.

AVA'ILABLY. ad. [from available.] Powerfuijy
; profitably.

AVA'ILMENT. ʃ. [from avail.] Uſefulneſs
; advantage.

To AVA'LE. v. a. [avakr, to let ſink.]

AUDITION. ſ. [auditio, Lat.] Hearing.
To let fall ; to depreſs. IFaiton.

A'UDITOR. ſ. [auditor, Lat.]

To AVA'LE. v. ?;. To ſink. Spafrr.

AVA'NT-GUARD. ſ. [avantgarde, Fr.]
T.hevan, Hayw.^rd.

A'VARICE. ʃ. [flT-Tr.'fc, Fr.] Covetouſneſs
; infatuble deſire. Dryden.

AVARICIOUS. a. [avaricieux, Fr.] Covetous. Broome.

AVARI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from avuricieus.]

AVARI'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from avaricious.]
The quality of being avaricious.

AVA'UNT. imerjecl. [avaiif, Fr.] A word
A hearer. Sidney.
2. A perſon employed to take an account
ultimately. Shakʃpeare.
3. A king's officer, who, yearly examining
the accounts of all onder. officers ac-
countable, makes up a general hook. Cowel.

AUDITORY. a. [a'lditonus, Lat.] That
which has the power of hearing. Newton.

A'UDITORY. ſ. [auditorium, Lat.]
1. An audience ; a collediion of perſons
alfem'-'led to hear. - Atterbury.
2. A place where leflures are to be heard.
of abhorrence, by which any one is driven

A'UDITRESS. ʃ. [Uotxi. auditor.] The wopwav.

A'UBURNE. a. [h^TT.a-ahour, Fr.] Bronvn ; of a tan cojcur. Philips.

A'UCTION. ʃ. [auBio, Lat.]
1. A manner of ſalein which one perAn
bids after another.
2. The things fid by nuſtion. Pope. .

To A'UCTIOiSr. T. a.' [from ahSirn.] To
f II by audlion. ,

AUCTIONARY. a. [fro:- wRior.] Eej'.
rjging to ill iwiX'XU. Dryden.
man that hears. Milton.

To AVE'L. v. a. [avclla, Lat.] To pull
awav. Brown.

A'VE MARY. ʃ. A form of worſhip repealed
by the Romanifts in honour of the
Virgin Maiy. Shakʃpeare.

A'VENAGE. ʃ. [of avcna, oats, Lat.] A
certain quantity of oats paid to a landlord.

To AVE'NGE. v. a. [venger, Fr.]
1. To revenge. Iſaiah.
2. To puniſht Dryden.


AVE'NGEANCE. ʃ. [from awngp.] Puniſh:-
ment. Philips.

AVE'NGEMENT. ʃ. [from avevge.] Vengeance
; revenge. Spenſpe

AVE'NGER. ʃ. [from avenge.]
1. Funiſher. Par. Loſt.
2. Revenger; taker of vengeance. Dryden.

A'VENS. ʃ. Hsrb bennet.

AVE'NTURE. ʃ. [uvinture, Fr.] A mif.
chance, cauſing a man's death, without
felony ; Cowel,

A'VENUE. ʃ. [a-uenue, Fr.]
1. A way by which any place may be entered. Clarendon.
2. An alley, or walk of trees before ahouſe.

To AVE'R. v. a. [averer, Fr.] To declare
poſitively. Prior.

A'VERAGE. ʃ. [awragium, Lat.]
1. That duty or ſervice which the tenant
is to pr.y to the king. Chambers.
2. A medium ; a mean proportion.

AVE'RMENT. ʃ. [from ever.] Elbbliſhment
of any thing by evidence. Bacon.

AVE'RNAT. ʃ. A fort of grape.

To AVERRU'NCATE. v. a. [awrruvco,
Lat.] To root up. Hudibras.

AVERSA'TION. ʃ. [from averjor, Lat.]
Hatred ; abhorrence. South.

AVE'RSE. a. [averfis, Lat.]
1. MaJign ; not favourable. Dryden.
2. Not pieaſed with ; unwilling to. Prior.

AVE'RSELY. ad. [from awrfe.]
1. Unwillingly.
2. Backwardly. Brown.

AVE'RSENES.y. [ham aver fe.] Unwillingneſs
; backwardneſs. Atterbury.

AVERSION. ſ. [averſion, Fr.]
1. Hatred ; diſhke ; deteſtation. Milton.
2. The cauſe of averſion. Pope. .

To AVERT. v. a. [averto, Lat.]
1. To turn aſide ; to turn off. Shakʃpeare. Dryden.
2. To put by. Sprat.

AUF. [of alf, Dutch.] A fool, or ſilly
fellow. See Oaf.

A'UGER. ʃ. [egger, Dutch.] A carpenter's
tool CO bote holes with. Moxon.

AUGHT. pronoun, [auht, aphr, Saxon.]
Any thing. Addiſon.

To AUGME'NT. v. a. [augmenler, Fr.]
To encreaſe; to make bigger, or more. Fairfax.

To AUGME'NT. v. a. To encreaſe ; to
grow bigger. Dryden.

A'UGMENT. ʃ. [augmentwn, Lat.]
1. Encreaſe. i^'allon.
2. State of encreaſe. Wiſem.

AUGMENTATION. ʃ. [from aug^nem.]
1. The act of encrcafing or making bigger. Addiʃon.
2. The ſtate of bang mi-le bigger,

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3. The thing added, by which another fi
made bigger. Hooker.

A'UGUR. ʃ. [^a^ur, Lat.] One who pretends
to predia by the flight of birds. Prior.

To A'UGUR. v. n. [from augur.] To
g'jeſs ; to conjedure by ſigns. Dryden.

To A'UGUR ATE. v. n. [auguror, Lat.]
To judge by augury.

AUGURA'TION. ʃ. [from augur.] The
practice of augury. Brown.

A'UGURER. ʃ. [from augur.] The ſame
with augur. Shakʃpeare.

A'UGURIAL. a. [from augury.] Relating
to augury. Bacon.

A'UGURY. ʃ. [augurium, Lat.]
1. The act of prognoiticating by omens. Swift
2. The ruks obſerved by augurs. L'Eſtrange.
3. An omen or prediction. Dryden.

AUGUST. a. [augufius, Lat.] Great; grand ;
royal ; magniticent. Dryden.

A UGUST. ʃ. [a!.guftus, Lat.] The name
of the eight month from January incluſive. Peacham.

AUGU'STNESS. ʃ. [from augufi.] Elevation
of look ; dignity.

A'VIARY. ʃ. [from avis, Lat.] A place
incloſed to keep birds in. Evelyn.

AVl'DITY. ʃ. [avedite', Fi.] Greedineſs; eagerneſs,

AVI'TOUS. a. [avitus, Lat.] Left by a.
man's aiice.lors.

To AVIZE. v. a. [avifer, Fr.]
1. To counfel. Spenſer.
2. To bethink himſelf. Spenſer.
3. To conſider. Spenſer.

AULD. a. [oi'6. Sax.] Old. Shakʃpeare.

AULE'TICK. [auleticus, Lat.] Belonging to

A'ULICK. a. [auIicuSf Lat.] Belonging to
the court.

AULN. ʃ. [aulne, Fr.] A French meaſure
of length ; an ell.

To AUMA'IL. v. a. [from mailk, Fr.] To
variegate. fairy 'J^cen.

AUNT. f. [tante, Fr.] A father' or mother's
filter,Pope. .

AV'OCADO. f, A plant.

To A'VOCATE. v. a. [avoco, Lat.] To
call awiy. Boyle.

AVOCA'ITON. ʃ. [from avocatc]
1. The act of calling aſide. Dryden.
2. The buſinefg that calls. Hale

To AVO'ID. v. a. [viiider, Fr.]
1. To ſhun ; toeſcape. Tillotfcyi.
2. To endeavour to ſhun. Shakʃpeare.
3. To evacuate ; to quit. Bacon.
4. To oppoſe ; to hinder effect. Bacon.

To AVOID. v. ;;.
1. To retire. I Sav,
2. To become voii or vacant. Av'ife,

AVOIDABLE. a. [from a^vmiJl That
which may be avoided, or eſcaped. Locke.

AVOI'DANCE. ʃ. [from avvid..
1. The a<f> of avoiding, Wati^,
2. The courſe by which any thing is carried
off. Bacon.

AVO'IDER. ʃ. [from avoid.]
1. The perſon that ſhuns any thing.
2. The perſon that carries any thing away,
3. The veſſel in which things are carried

AVO'IDLESS. a. [from avoid.] Inevitable.

AVOIRDUPOIS. [a'voir du poiJs, Fr.] A
kind of weight, of which a pound contains
fixteen ounces, and is in proportion
to a pound Tioy, as ſeventeen to fourteen. Arbuthnot.

AVOLA'TION. ʃ. [from avolo, Lat.] The
flying away. Brown.

To AVO UCH. v. a. [avouer, Fr.]
1. To affirm ; to maintain. Hooker.
2. To produce in favour of another. Spenſer.
3. To vindicate ; to juſtify. Shakʃpeare.

AVOUCH. ʃ. [from the verb.] Declaration
; evidence. Shakʃpeare.

AVO'UCHABLE. a. [from avouch.] That
may be avouched.

AVO'UCHER. ʃ. [from avouch.] He that

To AVO'W. v. a. [avDuer, Fr.] To juſtify
; not to diffemble. Swift.

AVO'WABLE. a. [from avow.] That
which may be openly declared.

AVOWAL. ʃ. [from avow.] Juftificatory

AVO'WEDLY. ad. [from aww.] In an
avowed manner. Clarendon.

AVOWE'E. ʃ. [avou'y Fr. He to whom
the right of advowfon of any church belongs.

AVO'WER. ʃ. [from avoiu.] He that
avows or juſtifies. Dryden.

AVO WRY. ʃ. [from avow.] Where one
takes a diſtreſs, the taker ſhall juſtify,
for what cauſe he took it ; which is called
his avowry.

AVOWSAL. ʃ. [from avow.] A confeſſion,

AVOWTRY. ʃ. [See Advowts v.] Adultery.

A URATE. ſ. A fort of pear.

AURE'LIA. ʃ. [Lat.] Atterm uſed for the
iirſt apparent change of the eruca> or maggot
of any ſpecies of infects. Rjy.

AURICLE. ʃ. [auncJ'J, Lat.]
1. The external ear.
2. Two appsadages of the heart; being
two muſcular caps, covering the two ventricles
thereof. R.^y,

AURI'CULA. ʃ. Bears ear i a flower.

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AURI'CULAR. ʃ. [from auricula, Lat.]
1. Within the fenle or reach of hearing.Shakʃpeare.
2. Secret ; told in the ear,

AURICULARLY. a-d. In a ſecret manner. Decay of Piety.

AURIFEROUS. a. [aurifer, Lat.] That
which produces gold. Thomfon.

AURIGA'TION. ʃ. [auriga, Lat.] The
act of driving carriages.

AVROIRA. j: [Lat.]
1. A ſpecies of crowfoot.
2. The goddeſs that opens the gates of
day ; poeticdily, the morning.

A'URUM. fulminans. [Latin.] A preparation
made by diſolving gold in aqua regia,
and precipitating it with fait of tartar ;
whence it becomes capable, of giving a report
like that of a piltol. Carth.

AUSCULTATION. f. [from aujcuha, Lat.]
A hearkening or liftening to.

A'USITCE. ʃ. [auſpicium, Lat.]
1. The omens of any future undertaking
drawn from birds.
2. Froteſtion ; favour ſhown. Ben. Johnſon.
3. Influence ; good derived to others from
the piety of their patron. Dryden.

AUSPI'CIAL. a. [from auſpice.] Relating
to prognoſticks,

AUSPICIOUS. a. [from auſpice.]
1. With omens of ſucceſs.
2. Proſperous ; fortunate. Dryden.
3. Favourable ; kind ; propitious.Shakʃpeare.
4. Lucky ; happy ; applied to things.

AUSPI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from aujpiaous.]
Happily ; proſperouſly.

AUSPI'CIOUSNESS. ʃ. [from auffUious.]
Proſperity ; happineſs.

AUSTERE. a. [aufierus, Lat.]
1. Severe ; harſh ; rigid. Rogers.
2. Sower of taſte; harih. Blackmore.

AUSTERETY. ad. [from auftere.]
Severely ; rigidly. Paradiſe Loft.

AUSTE'RENESS. ʃ. from auftere.]
1. Severity ; ſtritlneſs ; rigour. Shakſp.
2. Roughneſs in taſte.

AUSTE'RITY. ʃ. [from auftere.]
1. Severity ; mortified life ; ſtriftneſs. Ben. Johnson.
2. Cruelty ; harſh diſcipline. Roj'common.

A'USTRAL. a. [aujh-a!:s] Southern.

To A'USTRALIZE. v. a. [from aujicr.]
To tend towards the ſouth. Btoicn.

A'USTRINE. a. [from attjlrinus, Lat.]. Southern.

AUTHE'NTICAL. a. Authentick. Hale.

AUTHENTICALLY. a. [from auibentifal.]
With circumltances rcquiftte to procure
authority. South.

AUTHENTI'CALNESS. ʃ. [from authen.
/;V<».'.] The quality of being authentick ;
genuineneſs. Addiſon.

ANTHENTICITY. ʃ. [from authentuk.]
Authority ; genuineneſs.

AUTHE'NTICK. a. [authentous, Lat.]
Thiit which has every thing requiſite to
give it authority. Cowley.

AUTHENTICKLY. ad. [from autherituk.]
After an authentick manner.

AUTHENTICKNESS. ʃ. [from authentick.'.

A'U'THOR. ʃ. [auair, Lat.]
1. The firſt beginner or mover of any
thing. Hooker.
1. The efficient ; he that sffefls or producer
any thing. Dryden.
3. The firſt writer of any thing. Dryden.,
4. A writer in general. Shakʃpeare.

AUTHO'RITATIVE. a. [from authority.]
1. Having due authority.
2. Having an air of authority. Swift.

AUTHO'RIT'ATIVELY. ed.' [from authoriiative.]
1. In an authoritative manner ; with a
ſhow of authority.
2. With due authority. Hale.

AUTHO'RITATIVENESS. ʃ. [from authoritative.]
Authoritative appearance.

AUTHO'RITY. ʃ. [auBontui, Lat.]
1. Legal power. Shakʃpeare.
2. Influence ; credit. Locke.
3. Power ; rule. ; 9V«.
4. Support; countenance. Ben. Johnſon.
5. Teſtimony. Sidney.
6. CreHibiluy. Hooker.

AUTHORIZATION. ʃ. [from authonxe..
Eftabliſhme'ii by authority. Hale.

To AUTHORIZE. v. a. [autoriſtr, Fr.]
1. To give authority to any perſon. Dryd.
2. To make any thing legal. Dryden.
3. To eftabliſh any thing by authority. Hooker.
4. To juſtify; to prove a thing to be right. Locke.
5. To give credit to any perſon or thing. South.

AUTO'CRASY. [ai/To^galera.] Independent

AUTOGRA'PH. ʃ. [a'JJ!!y^a4>iv.] A paiticular
perſon's own writing ; the original.

AUTOGRA'PHICAL. a. [from autography.
'\ Of one's own writing.

AUTOMATICAL. a. [from automaton.]
Having the power of moving itſelf.

AUTOMATON. ʃ. [dv^fxalo,.] A machine
that hath the power of motion within
itſelf. Wilk'tm,

AUTO'MATOUS. a. [from automaton.]
Having in itſelf the power of motion. Brown.'t Vulgar Errows,

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AUTONOMY. f. [aulwjaia.] The living
according to one's mind and preſcription

A'UTOPSY. ʃ. [«.1o^J.^a.] Ocular demonſtration.

AUTOPTICAL. a. [from autopfy.] Perceived
by one's own eyes. Brown.

AUTO'PTICALLY. a. [from autoptical.]
By means of one's own eyes. Brown.

A'UTUMN. ʃ. [autumnui,L^X.] The ſeaſon
of the year between fummer and winter. Philips.

AUTU'MNAL. a. [from autumn.] Belonging
to autumn. Donne.

AVU'LSION. ʃ. [<7^r/^ff, Lat. The act of
pulling one thing from another. Philips.

AUXE'SIS. ʃ. [Latin.] Exornation^ amplification.

AUXI'LIAR. ?/. [from auxii;urn, Lat.]

AUXILIARY. ʃ. Helper; afTiſtar.t. Houih.

AUXI'LIAR. v. a. [from fl«;t/7/a«, Lat.]

AUXILIARY. ʃ. Aſſiſtant; helping. Milton. Dryden.

AUXILIARY. Verb. A verb that helps to
conjugate other verbs. M'dtts.

AUXILIATION. ʃ. [from axiliutus, Lat.]
Help ; aid.

To AWA'IT. v. a. [from a and wait.]
1. To expect ; to wait for. Fairfax.
1. To attend ; to be in ſtore for. Rogers.

AWAl'T. ʃ. [from the verb.] Ambuft.

To AWAKE. v. a. [peccian, Sax.]
1. To rouſe out of flcep. Shakʃpeare.
2. To raiſe from any ſtate feſembling deep. Dryden.
3. To put into new action. Pope. .

To AWAKE. v. n. To break from ſleep
; to ceaſe to ſleep. Shakʃpeare.

AWA'KE. a. [from the verb.] Without
fleep ; not ſleeping. Dryden.

To AWA'KEN. See Awake.

To AWA'RD. v. a. [peap-Bij, Sax.]
1. To adjudge ; to give any thing by a judicial
fentence, CM'er.
2. To judge ; to determine. Pope. .

AWA'RD. ʃ. [from the verb.] Judgment ; ſentence ; determination. Addiſon.

AWA'RE. ad. [ley^jun, Sax.] Vigilant; attentive. Atterbury.

To AWA'RE. a. n. To beware ; to be
cautious. Paradiſe Loft.

AWA'Y. ad. ajje^, Saxon.]
1. Abſent. Ben. Johnson.
2. From any place or perſon. Shakʃpeare.
3. Let us go. Shakʃpeare.
4. Begone. Smith.
5. Out of one's own hand. Milton.

AWE. /, [eje, Saxon.] Reverential fear ; reverence. South.

To AWE. v. i2. [from the noun.] To ſt like
with reverence, or fear. Bacon.

A'WEBAND. ʃ. A check.

A'WFUL. a. [from awe and full.]
1. That

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1. That which ſtrikes with awe, or fills
with reverence. Milton.
2. Worſhipful ; inveſted with dignity.Shakʃpeare.
3. Struck with awe ; timorous. Watts.

A'WFULLY. ad. [from ^«/«/.] In a reverential
manner. South.

A'WFULNESS. ʃ. [from aivful.]
1. The quality of ſtriking with awe ; ſolemnity. Addiʃon.
2. The ſtate of being ſtruck with awe.

To AWHA'PE. v. a. To ſtrike ; to confound.
Hubberd^s Tale,

AWHI'LE. Some time. Milton.

AWK. a. [aivkward.] Odd. L'Eſtrainge.

A'WKWARD. a. [spap'o, Saxon.]
1. Inelegant ; unpolite ; untaught.Shakʃpeare.
2. Unready ; unhandy ; clumfy. Dryden.
3. Perverſe ; untoward. Hudibras.

A'WKWARDLY. ad. [from aivkward.]
Clumlily ; unreadily ; inelegantly. Sidney. Prior. Watts.

A'WKWARDNESS. ʃ. [from awkward.]
Inelegance ; want of gentility. Watts.

AWL. ʃ. [asle, ale, Sax.] A pointed inſtrument
to bore holes. Mortimer.

A'WLESS. a. [from aive, and the negative
1. Without reverence. Dryden.
2. Without the power of cauſing reverence.Shakʃpeare.

AWME. A Dutch meaſure anſwering to
what in England is called a tierce, or one
ſeventh of an Engliſh ton. Arbuthnot.

A'WNING. ʃ. A cover ſpread over a boat or
veffej, to keep off the weather. Robinſon Cruſoe.

AWOKE. The preterite from awake.

A' WORK. ad. [from a and work.] On
work ; into a ſtate of labour. Hammond.

A'WORKING. a. [from aviork.] la the

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ſtate of working. HulScrtTs TaL:

AWRY'. ad. [from a and wry.]
1. Not in a ſtrant direction ; obliquely. Milton.
2. Aſquint ; with oblique viſion. Denham.
3. Not level ; unevenly. Brerewood.
4. Not equally between two points. Pope.
5. Not in a right ſtate ; perverſely. Sidney.

AXE. ʃ. [eax, Sax.] An inſtrument confiding
of a metal head, with a ſharp edge. Dryden.

AXI'LLAR. la. [from axilla, Lat.] Be-

A'XILLARY. ʃ. [onging to the armpit. Brown.

A'XIOM. ʃ. [axioma, Lat.] A propoſition
evident at firſt fight. Hooker

A'XIS. ʃ. [azis^ Lat.] The line real or imaginary
that pafles through any thing, on
which it which it may revolve. Berkley.

A'XLE. ʃ. [axis, Lat.] The pin

AXLE-TREE. ʃ. which paſſes through the
midft of the wheel, on which the circumvolutions
of the wheel are performed. Shakʃpeare. Milton.

AY. ad. [perhaps from a/o, Lat.] Yes.Shakʃpeare.

AYE. ad. [spa, Saxon.] Always ; to eternity
; for ever. Philips.

A'YGREEN. ʃ. The ſame with houjdeek.

A'YRY. ʃ. [See Airy.]

A'ZIMUTH. ʃ. [Arab.]
1. The (3x;»iarA of the fun, or of a fiar,
is an arch between the meridian of the
place and any given vertical line.
2. Magnetica! azimuth, is an arch of the
horizon contained between the fun's azimuth
c'xrcle and the magnetical meridian.
3. Aximuth Compafs, is an inſtrument uſed
at ſea for finding the fun's magnetical

AZURE. a. [(jsur, Fr.] BIue ; faint blue.